SY101 Study Guide - Final Guide: Critical Race Theory, Mechanical And Organic Solidarity, Feminist Theory
This preview shows pages 1-2. to view the full 7 pages of the document.
SY101 Final Exam Notes
Sociology: the scientific study of society and human behaviour.
C. Wright Mills
- Social imagination: a sociological vision; looking at the world that allows links between the
private problems of an individual and important social issues.
Social construction: the focus of social constructionism is to uncover the ways in which individuals and
groups participate in the creation of their perceived reality.
- Conflict theory: society is seen as composed groups competing for scarce resources.
- Functionalism: views society as a unit made up of interrelated parts that work together.
- Feminist theory: Marxist, liberal, and non-marxist radical; all share at least four characteristics.
- Symbolic interactionism: view symbols, things to which we attach meaning, as the basis of social
- Critical race theory: encompasses the disciplines of anthropology, sociology, history, philosophy,
- Post-modernism: the logical rejection of modernity emphasizes cultural diversity in opposition
to the cultural homogeneity promised by modernism.
- Queer theory: an emerging theory that has become associated with gay and lesbian studies – a
recent academic achievement spanning the social sciences and humanities.
Karl Marx, “conflict theory”
- Bourgeoisie, proletariat
- Class struggle:
- False consciousness
- Macro structural theory
Emile Durkheim, “functional analysis” – study of suicide
- Social cohesion – why and how society works
- Pre-modern society – mechanical solidarity
- Modern society organic solidarity
o The rise of different disciplines and expertise, makes society more interdependent
- Anomie: how people feel isolated leads to suicide, happening more even though we are more
connected – not tied together morally.
Max Weber, “structural functionalism”
- Protestantism – pushed people to make money, work hard, save it and invest it
- Replication – when you have a theory you have to constantly repeat it
Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.
Race and Social Inequality
- Race: a group with inherited physical characteristics that distinguish it from another group
o Ruth Frankenberg
A position of structural advantage
A stand point
A set of invisible practices
- Racism: when the basis of discrimination is race.
o Systematically oppresses by denying or excluding on the basis of race/ethnicity
o We are all racist but try to fight racism
o Prejudice: prejudgment, usually negative.
An attitude held by individuals or groups
Part of the definition of racism
Ethnocentrism – superiority of one over another culture
Stereotypes – generalizations about others, both unwarranted and
unfounded on the basis of available evidence
o Discrimination: an action – unfair treatment directed against someone.
An act that has the intent/effect of denying or excluding others on the ground
other than merit or ability
Person(s) acting on their prejudices
Harassment – type of discrimination
Prejudice (stereotyping and ethnocentrism) with discrimination (harassment) +
power (access to institutional power) = RACISM
o The social environment can be deliberately arranges to generate either positive or
negative feelings about people
o Prejudice can be a product of pitting group against group in an “I win you lose” situation
o Prejudice is functional in that it creates in-group solidarity
o Prejudice is dysfunctional in that it destroys wider community social relationships
- Conflict theory
o Working class people are pitted against one another in competition for jobs and
Exploit divisions = reserve army of low-wage labour = working class solidarity
o Ex. Mexicans
- Symbolic interactionists
o Stereotypes and labels = self-fulfilling prophecy
o Negative stereotypes reinforce stereotypical behaviour
o Ex. White men can’t jump – basketball
o Multicultural feminists contend that it is not enough to simply dissect inequality from a
woman’s point of view
You're Reading a Preview
Unlock to view full version