Study Guides (248,020)
Canada (121,234)
WS100 (42)
Midterm

WS100 Midterm 1 Review

7 Pages
230 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Women & Gender Studies
Course
WS100
Professor
Karen Stote
Semester
Fall

Description
1. Feminism and Intersections of Oppression - Myths about Feminism - They all hate men - Don't shave legs - Lesbians - All have same beliefs - Feminists want to be "just like men" - Want to be different but equal - Feminism: A movement to end sexism, sexist exploitation and oppression - Sexism: Attitudes and behaviours based on traditional stereotypes about men and women - Beliefs about superiority of men to women - Discriminatory practices based on belief - Sexism affects women and men - Women are treated in certain ways and men are encouraged to view and treat women in these ways - Patriarchy: A system of society/government in which men hold the power and women are largely ignored - Where men are privileged through political, social and economic institutions - Privilege: "Can refer to enjoyment of greater social, political or economic rights, entitlements, and/or advantages based on your membership in a dominant group..." - Capitalist patriarchy: A system based on the oppression of women and the maximization of profit through private ownership of the means of production - Not just about men as individuals, but how women are treated by the system - How do these laws oppress women? - Oppression: The mistreatment of a group of people by society and/or another group of people with the mistreatment being encouraged/enforced by society and its culture, laws, practices, etc. - Can also be individual - Prejudicial attitudes and actions - Institutional/societal - When policies, laws, rules and customs are enacted by organizations and social institutions that disadvantaged some social groups and advantage others - Institutions could include religion, government, education, law the media and health care systems - Marilyn Frye and Oppression - Oppression and bird cage - We live in our own cage - If you only look at one bar, you might not understand why the bird can't fly away - Different bars - Patriarchy, sexism, etc. - Small, everyday problems/actions may not be seen as a big deal, but when you look at them as part of a whole, they become a bigger problem - Intersectionality - Not everyone is oppressed in the same way - We have multiple identities and social locations - The way these locations intersect is our unique experience of oppression/privilege - This approach is more fluid, inclusive and avoids "one truth" - Include: - Social, economic status, race, class, gender, sexuality, ability, geographic location, citizenship, nationality, refugee status, etc. - Intersectionality and Aboriginal Women - The failure of feminist movement to employ an intersectional analysis led Aboriginal women to criticize feminism - Ex. - Western feminist claim that patriarchy is universal - Devaluation of Aboriginal motherhood/materialism - Western feminist goal of "equality" v.s. respect for difference - Aboriginal gender oppression is related to cultural oppression/colonialism - Aboriginal women can't afford to only fight gender oppression - An intersectional analysis allows us to consider many issues that are unique to Aboriginal women and the reason for their oppression - Feminism is about understanding how our lives are shaped by larger social forces and seeking to transform these when they are unjust - Seeks to make it "personal is political" - Coined by women in the 1960's who were seeking to explain their experiences and understand how these were shaped by social forces - Ex. Why are women doing the bulk of child care? Why do women lack knowledge about/control over their reproduction? - The way society Is organized has a direct impact on experience - Can include men too - Way of thinking; political perspective - About questioning status quo - The idea that only women can be feminists is based on essentialism - The idea that men/women possess inherent behavioural traits based on biological sex 2. Feminist Theory - Theory is thought as a “stat” or “frame”, what's inside the frame (what's within the frame and what's left of the frame) - To understand: (e.g. Inequality, oppression, injustice, division of rights and responsibilities, etc.) - The word “feminism” came from France in 1910 as a “negative” words, but became a positive word in 1913 - 1920's; women got to vote (first wave) - 1960's; second wave - 1990's; third wave - Major second wave feminist theories 1. Liberal feminism - Says that women had problems due to barriers - Solution is to remove barriers - Women were not educated, had no political standings, and looked weaker in society than men - Women have to remove barrier by reaching the regulation standards - E.g. Change the law, become a firefighter through education - Focus: - Women have minds too - Decide for self, have rights, participate in public life - Individual liberties, freedom, choice, etc. - Reformist - Women seek equality to men - Fit women into status quo - Meritocracy: Take away all barriers, people will enjoy the place they want to be; everything will be right - Ex. Equal playing field; mental and physical disabilities will enter the problem, diversity of ethnicity, personality, economics, etc. will always be factor of inequality - Reform: keep system intact but make system within - Revolution: complete overthrow, taking out by root - Focus: public, differences - Problems - Stress on equality ignores differences - Assumes that male standard is desirable 2. Radical feminism - Women are controlled by men through sexuality - E.g. Pornography, reproduction, etc. - Radical = “root” (NOT “extreme”) - The system (patriarchy) cannot be reformed - Needs to be “ripped out”/changed - Need a revolution, not just legality - Root of oppression: female biology -> subordination (women as childbearers/childrearers) - Reproduction: Each woman must determine for herself whether or not to use controls or aids for reproduction - Gender: Social scripts, masculinity and femininity; all humans have both; femininity and female qualities devalued and femininity constructed by men - Sexuality: Male sexual domination, female sexual submission, controlled women's sexuality for male pleasure - Solution; promote female sexuality like autoeroticism, lesbianism, etc. - Radical vs. Cultural feminism - Radical (1967-1975); cultural developed post 1975 - Radical is the media (e.g. There were no female bands before) 1. Marxist feminism - F. Engels says women = a class and it's the first class to be oppressed - First division of labour: by sex - Women = a class (oppression began; private property -> capitalism) - A few men own -> oppress other men and all women - View women as property - Women literally exchanged - Work for nothing or very little - Solution: Overthrow capitalism - Positives: Addresses economic oppression; somehwat -> public/private labour - Negatives: Non-capitalist societies; focus too much on reproductions 2. Social feminism - Complex roles; mother, daughter, lover, worker - Focus: UNITY and INTEGRATION - Positives: - Bring together many theories - Focuses on complexity of situation - Strengths and critique of both Marxist and radical - Adds domestic responsibilities, role of household, family to Marxism, adds class and history to radical feminism - Negatives: - There are too many to cover up - E.g. If given a 500 word essay to describe theory of social feminism, it will be impossible due to the complexity, the mutual theories between radical and marxist feminism 3. Multiracial feminism - Used to be called “anti-racist” or “black feminism” - Among first -> multiplicity of female experience - Race as crucial category of oppression and analysis - Criticizes norms of other feminist theories - Gender not necessarily the most important of oppression - Other feminist theories: - Postmodern feminism - Postcolonial feminism - Global feminism
More Less

Related notes for WS100

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit