What is an Organization?
An organization consists of people with formally assigned roles, who work together to achieve
stated goals within an identifiable boundary.
• a social entity – composed of people, interacting with each other to perform essential
• goal directed – exists for a purpose
• deliberately structured – characterized by formally assigned roles deliberately divided
into sets of activities
• in an identifiable boundary - maintaining itself as an entity distinct from the environment
Organizations are social entities that are goal-directed, deliberately structured with an
• An economic slump can mean downsizing, cuts in training and staff development, end of
traditional work practices etc.
• An economic boom can mean expansion, extra training, R & D etc
• Business must think about who their competitors will be
• Competition may be at a local, national or global level. It may be open or restricted
• accessibility influences market entry and operating costs
• Consider how technology has influenced the role of work and how work is done, e.g.
teleworkers, flexible work practices
• The changing nature of the workforce
• The increasingly diverse nature of the workforce
• As a “voice” for the labour force, consider how unions have impact work and society
• Global forces have an international dimension
• Organizations must now think globally
• Global forces have resulted in business outsourcing in order to gain a competitive
advantage POLITICAL FORCES
• In Canada there is a move towards less government intervention