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Final Exam Notes. Lectures and TextBooks This includes a lecture by lecture break down. It includes all relevant lecture materials including; summaries from weekly readings summary from lectures and slides

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York University
Administrative Studies
ADMS 1010
Barry O' Brien

ADMS 1010 Summary Lecture 1 Ideology Ideology -It refers to a set of shared values, beliefs and ideas, and perceptions through which persons interpret events of the past, present and future. -It also refers to an explicit doctrinal structure providing a particular diagnosis of the ills of society. -It will include an accompanying action program for implementing the prescribed solution Function 1.To present a simplified cause and effect interpretation of a complex world. 2.Integrate a theory of human nature with life's basic economic, social and political values. 3.Appear normative and moral in tone and content and aspire to perfect behavior. 4.Draw their philosophical premises from constitutions, declarations, manifestos and writings. 5.Constitute a broad belief system and advocate reforms in the basic fabric and structures of society. 6.Address fundamental questions about leadership, recruitment, succession and behavior. 7.Persuade and propagandize people who learn not to be influenced by opposing views. Counter Ideology Advances reforms and radical changes in society. Rallies forces of change in society. Responds to perceived inequality. Democratic- leaders decide to change Revolutionary- through underground movement to make change Types Collectivist Left wing , socialism - Communism- workers own means of production - Democratic Socialism- Mixed Economy - Classical liberalism & Conservatism- to protect past present and future, not individual Keynesian- State involvement, macroeconomic Neo-conservatism- minimal but strong centralized government, free but regulated markets, free trade, liberal but tough on crime Individualist - Utilitarianism- the most good to the most people - Liberalism- Value of society is measure in terms of satisfaction of the individual, personal freedom and social progress, laissez faire - Neo-liberalism,- It has as its basic concern the development of the free-market., Globalization and Neo Liberalism are often interchanged, Has many enemies in the political left - Libertarianism- deeply distrust anything that limits their own personal freedoms, initiative and talents, focus on right to property, free speech, life Review 3-33 NWEO Competitiveness Porter Model Factors of competitive advantage Stages -Factor driven -investment driven -innovation driven -wealth driven Lecture 2 Federalism Federal State -Governmental power is distributed between a federal authority and Provincial authorities -Every individual is subject to the laws of the central government and the regional govt. - Neither can subordinate or overrule the authority of the other - In no federation does perfect equality exist between all in the federation Problems - Conflicts in fiscal policy - Protects status quo, or moves to change them - Act as a barrier to change Judicial Review - designed to keep balance in the system - determine if particular laws are valid and can be enacted by a legislature Unitary State -Power is located in one central authority. -Local authorities are subordinate to the central power. -The legislature may remove the power granted to it by the central government. Ex, Ontario over Municipalities Regional Diversities Influenced by immigration patterns, different resources different economies, different history and cultures. Primary goal is job creation, Sustains families, Dignity, Politics, Economy - Govt. tries to manage differences 3 ways: 1) Industrial incentives programs- Make viable industries attractive in slow growth regions Tax credits, seed money, consulting services. 2) Infrastructure assistance programs -Assist in providing capital for sewers, water, road improvement, hospitals and universities 3) Social adjustment and rural development programs -Try to develop industries in areas where there is little or no productive employment Moral hazard is the prospect that a party insulated from risk may behave differently from the way it would behave if it were fully exposed to the riskie corporations when they are handed bailouts Flaws of Regional Development Programs Industrial incentive programs favor capital intensive program in areas where one of the major problems is excess labor. (Mega-projects). Do the companies really need the grants, or would they have done it anyway? Grants to one company could hurt other existing companies who have not received grants. Industrial incentive programs may accrue to multinational companies in foreign countries. -Could lead to bidding wars between neighboring provinces or countries to secure the relocation of large companies Review Regional Disparities..Pub 379-396 Constitutional Timeline ..Pub 121-130 Farming CanadaPub 397-428 Lecture 3 Law What is Law? 1.A set of rules that enable people to live together and respect others rights. 2. A body of rules which are imposed upon and enforced among the members of a given state. 3. A statement of circumstances in which the will of the public is brought to bear through the courts Judicial Activism- Interpretation of law is often referred to as judicial activism. Effective legal system Laws are general and apply to all Proclaimed Cannot be retroactive Clear Not contradictory Not be impossible to enforce Major Sources of Law Statutory Law -Public Bills -Private Bills Steps to enact bills 1) Idea 2) Minister review 3) ministry approval 4)Cabinet Sub-committee 5) Cabinet submission 6)Management board review 7)Drstting bill 8) 1 reading 9)2ndreading- debate 10) standing committee 11) Committee f the whole house rd 12) 3 reading 13) Royal assent 14) Proclamation Case/ common Law ( precedents)
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