2511 Review.doc

5 Pages
Unlock Document

Administrative Studies
ADMS 2500
John Kucharczuk

Short Answers Ch.1 1. Differentiate between MIS and IT a. Management Information systems deal with the planning for – development, management, and use of – information technology tools that perform all of the tasks related to information processing and management. Information Technology relates to computer-based tools that support the information and information processing needs of an organization. 2. Explain why planning for IT applications is important. Discuss the different components of effective planning for IT a. IT applications planning begins with the analysis of the organizational strategic plan which states the firm’s mission, goals and steps to accomplish the goals. Then, the IT Strategic plan incorporates the IT infrastructure and identifies the major IT initiatvies needed to meet the orgazniations strategy. 3. Discuss purpose of business process reengineering and its relationship to Information Technology. a. Business process reengineering aims to redesign the business processes of an organization in order to achieve significant improvements in cost, quality, service and speed. BPR makes organization focus on business processes rather than tasks. 4. Differentiate among data, information and knowledge a. Data items refer to an elementary description of things, events, activities or transactions that are recorded, classified, and stored but are not organized to convey a specific meaning. Information is data items organized to provide a meaningful and valuable message to the recipient. Knowledge consists of data/info that is organized and processed to convey understanding, expertise and experience about a particular subject domain. 5. Differentiate between IT architecture and infrastructure. a. IT architecture provides a high-level map of the information assets in an organization. IT infrastructure consists of the physical facilities, IT components, IT services and IT personnel that support the entire organization. 6. Describe the Global, Web-Based Platform a. It is best represented by the Internet and the World Wide Web. It enables individuals to connect, compute, communicate, collaborate and compete anytime, anywhere. It operates without regard to geography, time, distance or language barriers. 7. Discuss three stages of globalization. a. The first stage, Globalization 1.0, lasted from 1492 to 1800. The focus was on countries and how much horsepower a company could deploy. The second stage, Globalization 2.0, lasted from 1800 to 2000. The focus was on companies that were going multinational due to reduced transportation and telecommunication costs. The third stage, Globalization 3.0, was driven by the convergence of 10 forces called Freidman’s flatteners. The focus was on groups and individuals. 8. Describe Friedman’s “steroids”. a. Technologies that amplify other flatteners. They enable all forms of computing and collaboration. Examples are instant messaging, wireless technologies, video conferencing. 9. Describe the 10 flatteners. a. Fall of the Berlin Wall on Nov 9, 1989 – led to the rise of the European Union and the opening up of free-market economies. Netscape goes public on Aug 9, 1995 – popularized the Internet and the world wide web. Development of work-flow software – enabled computer applications to work with one another without human intervention. Uploading – empowered people to create content and put it on the web. Outsourcing – hiring externally for jobs that were formerly done internally. Offshoring – sending jobs to other countries like China. Supply Chaining – creation of networks composed of companies, suppliers and customers that could collaborate and share information. Insourcing – delegating operations within a business to another company that specializes in those operations. Informing – your ability to search information. Steroids. 10. Discuss Business Pressures. a. Three types of pressures – Market, Technological, Societal/Legal/Political Market Pressures are generated by the global economy and strong competition, changing nature of the workforce and powerful customers. Technological Pressures are generated by technological obsolescence and innovation as well as information overload. Societal Pressures include social responsibility, government regulation and deregulation, spending for social programs, spending to protect against terrorism, and ethics 11. What does social responsibility mean? How does IT contribute to social responsibility? a. Social responsibility means that firms should act in the best interests of the people and communities affected by its activities. A major social problem is the state of the physical environment. Green IT Is an IT initiative that is addressing this issue. 12. Organizational feedbacks to pressures. a. Strategic systems that enable to increase market share. Customer focus, mass customization and make-to-order and e-business. 13. Differentiate between mass customization and mass production. a. Mass customization is basically the mass production of individually customized goods that are geared for a particular customer. 14. 4 myths about careers in IT. a. First, there are no computing jobs. Second, there will be no IT jobs when I graduate. Third, All IT jobs are moving off-shore. Fourth, computing and IT salaries are low due to cheaper overseas labour. Chapter 2 Info Systems 1. Define computer-based info systems and their components a. An info system collects, processes, stores, analyzes and disseminates information for a specific purpose. A computer based info system is an info system that uses computer technology to perform some or all of its tasks. The basic components of a computer- based info system are: Hardware – devices like keyboard, monitor, and processor. They accept data and information process it and display it Software – a program or collection of programs that enables the hardware to process data Database – a collectetion of related files or tables containing data Network – a connecting system that permits differnet computers to share resources Procedures – set of instructions about how to combine the above components in order to process info People – individuals who use the hardware and software 2. Why are functional area info systems located at the top a. Because they relate to a specific function in the organization and are used by organizational employees 3. Discuss classification of info systems. a. Functional area IS – supports the activities within a specific functional area Transaction processing system – Processes transaction data from business events Enterprise resource planning – Integrates all functional areas of the organization Office automation system – supports daily activi
More Less

Related notes for ADMS 2500

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.