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ADMS 3422 (12)

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York University
Administrative Studies
ADMS 3422
Indira Somwaru

Chapter 1 Collective agreement A written document outlining the terms and conditions of employment in a unionized workplace Collective bargaining The process by which management and labour negotiate the terms and conditions of employment in a unionized workplace Conversion mechanisms The processes used to convert inputs into outputs of the industrial relations system Employee relations The study of the employment relationship between employers and individual employees, usually in nonunion settings Employment relations The study of employment relationships and issues in union and nonunion workplaces Exchange rate The value of one country’s currency relative to another country’s currency Feedback loop The mechanism by which outputs of the industrial relations system flow back to the external environment Human resources The study of the employment relationship between employers and individual employees Industrial relations The study of employment relationships and issues, often in unionized workplaces Inflation The increase in prices over time Interest rate The rate a bank charges for borrowing money Labour relations The study of employment relationships and issues between groups of employees (usually in unions and management; also known as union–management relations) Mandatory retirement A requirement that employees retire at age 65 Neoclassical economics view A view of industrial relations grounded in economics that sees unions as an artificial barrier to the free market Pluralist and institutional view A view of industrial relations stressing the importance of institutions and multiple actors (including labour in the employment relationship) Political economy A view of industrial relations grounded in socialism and Marxism that stresses the role of inherent conflict between labour and management Power The ability to make someone agree to your terms Seniority The length of time a person has been a member of the union Strategies Processes developed and implemented to achieve goals Strike An action by workers in which they cease to perform duties and do not report to work; a work stoppage invoked by a union Union A group of workers recognized by law who collectively bargain terms and conditions of employment with their employer Values A set of standards or principles Chapter 2 Snider Case A landmark court case in 1925 that determined that labour matters fell under the purview of the provinces under the British North America Act Wagner Act Named after the bill’ sponsor, Senator Robert F. Wagner of New York, and more formally known as the National Labor Relations Act of the United States Arbitration A quasi-judicial process whereby a neutral third party makes a final and binding determination on all outstanding issues in dispute Bargaining unit The group of employees in an organization that are eligible to be represented by a union Certification Recognition of a union by a labour board after completion of the procedures under the labour act Conciliation A dispute-resolution process in which a neutral third party acts as a facilitator Duty of fair representation A legal obligation on the union’s part to represent all employees equally and in a nondiscriminatory manner Employment equity Equity in employment levels and opportunities between targeted community groups (women, visible minorities, Aboriginals, and disabled employees and major employers) Exclusivity principle The idea that a union is granted the sole right to represent all employees in the defined bargaining unit Good faith bargaining An obligation on union and management to make a serious attempt to reach a settlement Mediation A dispute-resolution process in which a neutral third party acts as a facilitator P.C. 1003 The Canadian government imported the Wagner Act model in 1944; under the War Measures Act, it was introduced by the Privy Council as P.C. 1003 Pay equity Women and men being paid relatively equally for work of equal value Scientific management The application of engineering principles to define specific tasks in the production process thereby removing the autonomy of skilled craft workers (associated with Frederick Taylor) Tripartite A tripartite board has three stakeholders: management, labour, and government Unfair labour practice An alleged violation of the labour relations act Voluntarism The notion that collective bargaining is a private matter between the parties and that government intervention should be kept to a minimum Chapter 3 Great recession A serious downturn in the economy around late 2008 characterized by very low or negative growth and high unemployment triggered by the financial collapse in 2007, the worst since the Great Depression of the 1930s Deregulation A policy designed to create more competition in an industry by allowing prices to be determined by market forces Disposable income Income after taxes and benefits from social programs (e.g., unemployment insurance payments) Elasticity of supply (demand) The labour responsiveness of supply (demand caused by a change in the wage rate; example, if small increase in wages causes large increase in supply of labour, supply curve is elastic Hiring hall A union-run centre that refers union labour to job sites as requested by firms Macroeconomic policy A policy that applies to economy-wide goals, such as inflation, unemployment, and growth Monopsony Occurs when a firm is the sole market buyer of a good, service, or labour North American Free Trade A free trade agreement between Canada, the United States, and Mexico that was signed in Agreement (NAFTA) 1994 and included labour side agreement, North American Agreement on Labor Cooperation Privatization The transfer or contracting out of services to the private sector Chapter 4 Apprenticeship A process in which trainees learn a trade under the supervision of a senior tradesperson Back-to-work legislation Legislation requiring that strike action cease and employees return to work Business unionism Unionism that focuses on improving wages and the working conditions of its members Crown corporations Corporations owned by the government Dues check-off A process whereby union dues are deducted automatically from pay Exclusive jurisdiction What exists when a single union represents all workers of a trade or occupational grouping Great Depression A period of significant economic downturn resulting from the stock market crash of 1929 Industrial unions Unions that organize all workers of an industry/workplace regardless of trade Master-servant relationship Employment relationships in which employees have few rights; the essence of the common-law employment relationship pertaining to nonunion workplace New model unionism The movement to trade (or craft unions) Political nonpartisanship A belief that unions should not be aligned with any political party Socialist unionism Unionism that challenges capitalism and seeks equity for union and nonunion members Trade union Unions that organize all workers of a trade regardless of their industry or workplace Chapter 5 Closed shop A form of union security in which membership in the union is a condition of employment Company union A union that a company helped create Craft or occupational unionism Unions that typically allow into membership only trades or occupations that are in the same family of skills Industrial unionism A type of inclusive unionism that represents a broad range of skills and occupations Institutionalists Those subscribing to the theory that the operation of labour markets requires a knowledge and understanding such social organizations as unions, nongovernmental community organizations, and international institutions International Labour Organization A tripartite (government, management, and labour agency of United Nations with the mandate to establish and enforce global labour standards) Public-sector or social justice Unions of public-sector employees at three levels of government: local, provincial, and federal; unionism Rand Formula A union security provision in which employees do not have to join the union but all employees must pay dues Union coverage A broader measure than union density; includes nonmembers covered by collective agreement Union density A fraction that expresses union members as a percentage of the nonagricultural labour force Union security Method by which unions are able maintain membership and dues collection in bargaining unit Union shop Union security in which new employees must join the union but only after a probation period Utility function The sum of individual preferences for such measurable items as wages and benefits Chapter 6 Distributive justice Employees’ perception of fairness in the outcomes of workplace decisions High-performance work practices Comprehensive human resources strategies designed to improve effectiveness of organization Human relations A managerial view that believes that effective management practices can minimize the conflict between managers and employees Master-servant relationship Employment relationships in which employees have few rights; the essence of the common-law employment relationship pertaining to nonunion workplaces Nonstandard work arrangements Work arrangements that differ from the norm in terms of employment term, location, schedule, hours of wor
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