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Short Answers.pdf

8 Pages

Administrative Studies
Course Code
ADMS 3960

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What are the components of cultureTo answer this question it first has to be noted that there culture can be addressed on different levels the national the organizational and the individual An outline will be given of each of the different levels of culture Then in more general terms the visible and then the invisible components of culture will be outlined Examples will be given were possible in order to illustrate the various elements of cultureNations are often used as a proxy for culture This happens because individuals usually remain embedded in the national setting for example they speak the same language However through international mobility causing intercultural interpenetration it has become increasingly difficult to identify a national core culture Organizations and individuals are sub clusters of the national culture On the individual level culture is learned through family values beliefs and norms This culture is then reinforced on an organizational levelCulture has both visible and invisible components The visible elements are for example the country flag symbols heroes the economic and legal system of a country the education system or the language spoken in a country The invisible elements are for example the religion which can be seen as an invisible component of culture but is often expressed through visible artifacts the customs and practices family and social relations and attitudesA more explicit explanation of organizational culture is given by Schein who suggests that the culture has three components The artifacts which are the visible elements for example this can be the structure in which the organization operates the language people use the way the offices look like and the way people dress The second element of culture can be seen as the espoused values are the standards and norms that are more or less adopted by the people working in an organization the invisible elements These standards include the strategy goals and objectives of an organization At the deepest level the organizational culture lie the basic assumptions These assumptions are the source of values and actions within an organizationIn conclusion one can say that through international mobility causing intercultural interpenetration it has become increasingly difficult to identify a core culture of a nation This statement is also true for organizations Even though we can pinpoint the different components of culture an organization can never fully adapt to all of these elements when conducting international business
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