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[ADMS 2511] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (38 pages long!)


Department
Administrative Studies
Course Code
ADMS 2511
Professor
Carl Lapp
Study Guide
Final

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York
ADMS 2511
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Chapter 1
1.1 Why Should I Study Information Systems?
To Become An Informed User – a person knowledgeable about IT and IS
Informed users: Get more value from IT they use
- Will understand what is behind IT applications
- Enhance quality of your organizations IT with input
- In a position to recommend or even select new IT for organization
- Keep you up to date with new technologies that can help firm
- Understand how IT can help improve performance, teamwork and productivity
Can Offer Career Opportunities:
- IT is vital in modern business
- CIO chief information officer: responsible for strategic planning
- IS director: manages all systems throughout the organization and the day-to-day
operations of the IS
- Information Centre Manager: manage IS services such as help desks, training, etc.
Manages Information Resources:
- Managing information in modern organizations is extremely difficult due to several
factors:
- Enormous strategic value, some even shut down when IS stop working (Being hostage to
IS)
- IS are expensive to acquire, operate and maintain
- IS are constantly evolving and providing new functions for organizations
1.2 Overview of CBIS
IT – computer based tool to support information and information processing needs of an org.
IS – Collects, processes, stores, analyzes and disseminates information for a purpose.
The purpose of information systems is to get the right information to the right people, at the
right time, in the right amount, and in the right format
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- Data items are a description of things, events, activities, and transactions that are
recorded, classified, and stored but are not organized to convey any specific meaning
- Information is data that have been organized so that they have meaning and value to the
recipient.
- Knowledge consists of data and/or information that have been organized and processed
to convey understanding, experience, accumulated learning, and expertise as they apply
to a current problem
A computer-based information system (CBIS) is an information system that uses computer
technology to perform some or all of its intended tasks
Components of CBIS
-The first four components are called information technology components
- Hardware consists of devices such as the processor, monitor, keyboard, and printer.
Together, these devices accept, process, and display data and information
- Software is a program or collection of programs that enable the hardware to process data
-A database is a collection of related files or tables containing data
-A network is a connecting system (wired or wireless) that permits different computers to
share resources
- Procedures are the instructions for combining the above components in order to process
information and generate the desired output
- People are those individuals who use the hardware and software, interface with it, or use
its output
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