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NOTES FOR EXAM wale.docx

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ANTH 2100
Leslie L.Jermyn

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NOTES FOR EXAM. The world in 1400 Europe got attached to thriving trade that was going around the world (the silk road) Marco polo - enabled Europe to join trade b/w Asia and northern Africa eg. Spices, silks The emergence of scientific knowledge peoples thinking One was deemed traditional if one wanted to resist change Fuelled by industrialization where we could make more stuff for a low price and earned profit. Mercantilism – where one works for one self. - Refers to merchant trade – which is a person who trades commodities that were made by someone else in order to gain a profit, which relates a lot to the intro to industrialization. - Considered risky- buying stuff that is common and cheap and selling it where it rare and could sell for a higher a price. – rum molasses sugar from the Caribbean.- plentiful but sold in England for higher price. Manufactured goods were brought to the west coast of Africa from England in exchange for slaves. - Columbian exchange This was known as the triangular trade. Triangular trade – translantic slave trade- operated by carrying slaves, manufactured goods and cash crops between the west Africa, Caribbean’s, Americas colonies and the European colonial powers through the northern colonies i.e. the New England and British. The African slaves were a fundamental cash crop and exported to New England and manufactured goods imported to the Africa and Caribbean and America colonies. Trading countries became interested in the new world -France, Netherlands, England- Competitive colonizing- other colonies competed with Spanish and Portuguese for colonies = economic system- (mercantilism) The centre of shifts - Observe the different maps - Europeans began to define themselves - Europeans came into a new position of dominance. - Europeans changed their self perception Modernization theory – the idea that in order for a country to see development, it needs to leave behind cultures and traditions and follow those of the modern world; First world. Cultures and traditions are what are holding back development. - Modernization theory looks at the evolutionary transition of development through societies. It takes a look at different social variables in underdeveloped countries to define modernization. It views traditions as an obstacle in economic development Dependency theory- when an underdeveloped country is dependent on the resources of a developed country through multinational corporations, cheap labor. The idea is that resources flow from the periphery states to the core states – meaning underdeveloped and developed. Colonialism left a lot of countries dependent on core countries for economic sustainability. Industrial revolution- began in the northern England, Britain Mass production, mass movement of English people into mass production. Merchants – machines + important resources- making products faster People with resources (owners of their own labor) First wave colonialism 1400 Owner vs.
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