Study Guides (390,000)
CA (150,000)
York (10,000)
ANTH (200)
Final

ANTH 2170 FINAL EXAM REVIEW.docx


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTH 2170
Professor
Vera Pavri
Study Guide
Final

This preview shows pages 1-2. to view the full 8 pages of the document.
ANTH 2170 FINAL EXAM REVIEW
Gender Performance –
Gender is PERFORMED
Culturally constructed, learned, interpreted, practiced,
Gender performance is naturalized in the body through repetition
And yet, gender is open to interpretation, negotiation, change
Can be big or small everyday tasks
Negotiated
Jennifer Robertson Article -
Otokoyaku –
Women acting as men in theatrical performances
Trains them to be good wives and mothers
Ideal men
Puts men at a privilege
Encouraged to study males
Kata
Behavior and actions of a male on stage
Composed of three sections
1. Voice
2. Appearance
3. Gestures
(VAG)
Takarazuka Revue
A space where ideal and idealised gender is performed and cultivated
Radical space
Men are idealized
Women perform as men
Ideal Japanese man
Excessive Semiosis
-John Fiske
-Popular culture communicates many things at once, TR is an example of this,
excessive costumes, movement, make-up, story lines- - all over the top
-Also expressive in meaning
-Image of person who is a woman dressed as man, hyper masculine
-A lot of ways of understanding what it is trying to communicate to us
-Different meaning of it
-TR been embraced by audience with meanings not intended

Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

-Gay and lesbian community, radical lesbian theatre, audience part od creation
of meeting
-Structure / agency
-Creators and players
-Dominant message of traditional Japanese gender roles, sub text more
flexible – drag, gender is made-up, it can be tried on and taken off, it exposes
it as play, performance
-Fakeness
-Conformity or radical? In a sense it is both
Popular Culture
Complexity of pop culture, complexity of what it tells us about gender
Social sciences take it seriously- not just social
Place where gender and sexuality are performed, consumed, re-worked
Traditional fem in musician, opportunity for resistance as well, radical
Dream Girls
Discusses how the TR “straightened daughter out”
Prepearing her to be a good young woman
Prepare for marriage, motherhood
Playing the male role helps them understand importance of good mother and wife
Popular culture refers to creative performances & works that are disseminated to the
masses through live performances, exhibitions, recordings, print and other media
Conform or reaffirm
Feminism – Rebecca Munford
-Women used to not be able to own property
-Basic things we take for granted are part of first wave feminism
-Women not able to go to school
FIRST WAVE FEMINISM (late 19th century to late 1960s)
-women campaigned for the vote and other basic rights: to be elected to public office,
to attend professional schools like medicine, to hold property in their own name
-marched on the streets in 1920s
-fought for women
SECOND WAVE FEMINISM (1960s to late 1980s)
-focused on social and family issues: access to contraception and abortion, choices in
childbirth (‘reproductive rights”); safety in marriage (rape and physical abuse not a
husband’s right, but criminal acts); equality in the courts upon divorce, equal pay for
equal work
-historically co-insides with other social movements: sexual, music, rock n roll,
society loosen up
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

-don’t want other people to make important life decisions for us
THIRD WAVE FEMINISM (1990s to the present)
- Recognition of the diversity of women
- Emergence of other feminisms
- Women believed she deserved
- Wanted to create own version of femininity – be a woman on their own terms
- You can be ____ and still be a feminist, more open
Girl Power –
Spice girls – declared feminism dead in autobiography 1996
Sexualizing younger and younger girls
Relationship to fem
Opens article with Greer, appalled by use of “girl power”
Back into womanhood superficial, commercialization
Open up new way to market to youth by sexualizing them at a young age
Misconception that if you enjoy being a girl or enjoy being with men you cannot be a
feminist
Rebecca Munford – Wake-up and smell the Lip Gloss
Notes from lecture
-Laying of ground work about the question of feminism
-Not a term that we don’t relate to
-Feminism is about women’s lives, “I don’t consider myself a feminist”
-Think about a very basic definition of feminism
-Role of basic things that fem stood for
-Response to second wave feminism
-“Feminism has become a dirty word, Girl power is just a nineties way of saying it
Notes from Reading
problems in marketing of girl power because it leads to an over sexualized female
“to deny a womens sexuality is cedrtainly to oppress her, but to portray her as nothing but
a sexual being is equally to oppress her” (in Munford pg 142 from Greer pg. 410-11)
what this quotation is outlining is that it is important to find a balance between the hyper-
sexualised female and the female who is not allowed to express herself what so ever.
This is also explored by the Madonna / Whore model – good girl versus bad girl
Looking at girl power and bad girl as a back lash and post-feminist perspective
Girl power as a word seeing as a replacement for the word feminist, Spice Girls seeing
the word feminist as “dirty” and needs to be re-framed, when in reality the people who
made the word dirty in the first place should be the thing we work on re-framing
All trying to re-claim the word girl
Patriarchal views on feminine are condradictory
Celebrating popular feminine symbols such as Barbie, make-up, fashion
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version