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set 1 essay 1a tourist agency second gaze and criticisms.docx

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ANTH 3120
Karl Schmid

Tourist agency summary – mccannel • The upper class are more likely to seek out work displays as a form of touristic entertainment • The tourist gaze changes historically. In earlier times the tourist gaze may have gone in the search for the “authentic” but postmodern tourists know better and delight in the “inauthentic” The second gaze The second gaze is always aware that something is being concealed from it; that there is something missing from every picture, from every look or glance. This is no less true on tour than it is in everyday life. The second gaze knows that seeing is not belieiving. Some things will remain hidden from it. Even things with which it is intimately familiar. It cannot be satisfied simply by taking leave of the ordinary. The second gaze turns back onto the gazing subject an ethical responsibility for the construction of its own existence. It refuses to leave this construction to the corporation,the state,and the apparatus of touristic representation. In possession of the second gaze, the human subject knows that it is a work in progress knows that it can never fullfil the egos demands for wholeness, completeness and self-sufficiency. On tour, the second gaze may be more interested in the ways attractions are presented than in the attractions themselves. It looks for openings and gaps in the cultural unconscious. It looks for the unexpected, not the extraordinary objects and events that may open a window in structure, a chance to glimpse the real. Criticisms of the tourist gaze Binary(ordinary/extraordinary)— According to urry, the motive to travel is to leave home and see something different. A criticism of this is that urry assumes that peoples lives who are ordinary seek travel but some people live busy lives and interesting ones too, without having the need for travel. There is a second unintended theoretical effect of Urrys s concept of the tourist gaze which poses an even larger problem: namely its implication for the things the tourists go to see. The idea that these things should be “out of the ordinary” means that every object of the tourist gaze is measured to its relationship to what is ordinary for people who view their lives as essentially uninteresting Ideological (
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