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CRIM 1650 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Guide: Social Disorganization Theory, Earnest Hooton, White-Collar Crime

45 pages284 viewsFall 2015

Department
Criminology
Course Code
CRIM 1650
Professor
Danny O' Rourke- Dicarlo
Study Guide
Final

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York
CRIM 1650
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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What is crime?
Lecture 1 intro Notes
In the absence of law there is no crime
Law provides us with security
o It allows us to keep our promises to one another
o The presence of a neutral
o 3rd body state
We authorize the state to act on our behalf
o Law is a command that is issued by the state and requires or
active obedience
We obey the law because law is backed by a punishment
What makes the law legitimate?
o Your liberty must be consistent and the same as others
o Good law should give you reason not to do something
Forces the state to justify its self
o If a state cannot justify is reason it is problematic
You stop at a stop sign because it gives you good reason to act,
good reason to stop
Laws involve orders that any reasonable people will agree to,
reasonable people would never consent to their own murder rape
assault or robbery.
o E.g.: Slavery
No reasonable would consent to be treated as
someone elses tool
o Law stabilizes our institutions
o Law is a socializing device
We have the potential to be good but good is a
historical process
We are all born with a lack of self control as we age
we wrestle with self control
o Law should give you reason to act but it should socialize you
to have the impulse control to act like an adult and not a
toddler
Mortality is learned
o Through public institution
We law doesnt feel personal or heavy handed law is there to
guide us
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Rules are imposition to be broken
Why people commit crime?
o Best theory to explain; the more complex the more open the
better the theory
The criminal law is incapable of addressing the reason
of crime
o Crime is a matter of fight
Why do people fight with one another?
Why do people see others as less?
First cause of fight
o Predators
o Retribution
o Defense
o Honor, a feeling that your reputation is
threatened
They all exists within an unending
circle of violence
LAW demands not harshness but consist detectable and fairness
o Law loses its claim to your obedience is it is not like this
Lecture 1
Perspectives on Deviance
The best academic way of studying deviance is to not
Social norms values has to be: its reviseablilty- we need to have a
conversation of why ex. Pornography
o The best way to approach is the sue of the criminal law,
public sentence
o Why is it problematic to address this issue?
Just because you punish someone doesnt mean its
done, anytime we try to punish this crime the desire is
still there
Deviance shifts from cultural to cultural
Can we universally speak of deviant
o Cultural differences, whats accepted in some country may
not be accepted here
Crimes which or mala en se
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