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CRIM 1650 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Racialization, Russian Mafia, Medicalization

Course Code
CRIM 1650
Danny O' Rourke- Dicarlo
Study Guide

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Essay Question
polarization of the criminal justice system is a huge component.
works at the most inefficient and infected capacity when its politicized.
taking very specific issues and treating them abstractly
we can see that in various forms of media, when we are putting special emphasis on
small things that aren't that important.
we have high expectations for the criminal justice system.
main goals, to make society believe that what they’re saying is very politically important,
but the actual issue isn't that big or even completely wrong.
issues in race and crime-
Some questions:
war on drugs
net effects of the war on drugs
what has been the result of war on drugs in America
what do we know about the objectives of drugs and organize crime
media, culture and crime
how does the media interact with people’s perceptions on crime and criminality
how does this politicize crime
are the courts actually lenient
are people’s opinions punitive
mass incarceration
is it effective in addressing the concerns of society
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Leniency and punitiveness:
the criminal justice’s system role isn't to reduce crime, but to punish once it
making harsher punishments will not reduce crime
leads towards minimal sentencing
people have a lack of knowledge about the criminal justice system, therefore they
rely their knowledge on media. however, media is not a reliable sources. (they only
cases they rely on are violent crime).
when people are more punitive- being more strict, wanting harsher punishment
and strict criminal justice system.
in relation to the article:
the harper government was very punitive (wanted harsher punishments) which
made the public believe that crime is on the rise.
and he wanted more incarceration, he made people believe that society is getting
» The Protecting Children from Sexual Predators Act (previously Bill C-54), which
would increase penalties for sexual offences against children, as well as creates
two new offences aimed at conduct “that could facilitate or enable the commission
of a sexual offence against a child.”
children are the “ideal victim” and we should be more punitive towards them
because they are the most innocent and most vulnerable to get targeted. therefore
we need to place more laws.
negative affect of the bill: why are people committing offences against children?
do they have a mental health that we should consider? or do they have some
Politicization - politicians politicize problems and try to attack them by the “tough
on crime” approach, people want the criminal justice to be more punitive. however,
creating more laws will not solve the problem.
3 strikes comparison with U.S. (CANADIANS WANTED TO BE HARSHER).
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when people find out how much it costs to incarcerate a person, they prefer to be
more lenient because now they have the knowledge.
Canada only started with the punitive approach started from 2006 (when Harper
brought it into the picture)- prison must be our last resort.
prior to 2006 crime issues were not as politicized as now.
Race and crime
-Protecting the minorities (bill) - law enforcement, lack
-youth crime provisions- may target morality youth
-organized drug crime prov. - also targets minorities because or drugs that are
organized focused on (weed, crack)
-house arrest: provision- targets minorities- more incarcerated rather than dealt
with in the community.
-plea bargaining- war on the poor, lawyers need more cases to get paid, so they
will convince the victims to plea guilty to go on to another case and the person will
have less time serving in jail.
» The Preventing the Trafficking, Abuse and Exploitation of Vulnerable Immigrants Act
(previously Bill C-56), which would authorize immigration officers to refuse work permits to
vulnerable foreign nationals when it is determined that they are at risk of humiliating or degrading
treatment, including sexual exploitation or human trafficking
-institutionalizing the immigrants (will you want a european rich immigrants or
poorer immigrants that cannot contribute to the economy).
-another example, carding and racial profiling- applied to ethnic minorities,
and how they are treated in every single level of the criminal justice system.
Morality and crime
-war on crime- war on poor people
-prisons are filled with non violent offenders
-politicians exploit in the public sphere
Net effects on war on drugs:
-economically disadvantaged; non-violent
-based on fear
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