CRIM 2650 Study Guide - Final Guide: Feminist School Of Criminology, Marxist Feminism, Structural Marxism

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Published on 22 Apr 2013
School
York University
Department
Criminology
Course
CRIM 2650
Professor
CRIM 2650 EXAM REVIEW
SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION II
No acts/people are inherently criminal
Crime and criminals are socially constructed phenomena
They do not simply exist but are made
What is criminal changes as social context changes
SELF-PRESENTATION
The attempt to present who we are or who we want to believe we are, through our words,
nonverbal behaviours and actions.
DRAMATURGICAL MODEL OF SOCIAL LIFE
Course kit pg 157
Social life = theater
On stage = social representation of ‘best possible self’
Backstage = not actively managing ‘role’ (off guard)
IMPRESSION MANAGEMENT
Our conscience our unconscious orchestration of a carefully designed presentation of self,
so as to create a certain impression that fits our goals or needs in a social interaction
STIGMA
Process by which the reaction of other people ‘spoils’ normal identity
Situation of an individual who is disqualified or rejected from a full social acceptance due to
the possession of a deeply discredited attribute such as (1) bodily abominations/physical
deformities (2) weaknesses of individual character (3) race, religion, nationality.
MORAL PANIC
Fundamentally inappropriate reaction by much of society to relatively minor events and
conditions
Perceived threat
Metaphor borrowed from disaster panic
DEVIANCE AMPLIFICATION
(snow ball effect) + (social reaction) + (deviant activity) = other stigmatized groups/
individuals will + deviance to justify social views towards them
MARXIST CRIMINOLOGY
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Crime is function of the capitalist mode of production
Tends to ignore formal theory construction and empirical testing
Historical and descriptive analysis
BASE-SUPERSTRUCTURE MODEL OF SOCIETY
SUPERSTRUCTURE (social institutions such as laws, culture, media, ideology, etc)
BASE (mode of production such as bourgeoisie exploiting proletariat through factories,
resources, tools and machines)
Base shapes and determines superstructure
Superstructure legitimates base
INSTRUMENTAL MARXISM
Society is based on an advanced capitalist economy
The state is organized to serve the interests of the dominant to economic class
criminal law is an instrument of the state to maintain the existing status quo
DEMYSTIFICATION
Identification of destructive intent of capitalist inspired and capitalist funded criminology
Identifying the capitalist inspired institutions; used to explain how the state works to
preserve working class powers.
STRUCTURAL MARXISM
Law maintains the long term interests of the capitalist system and to any person who poses
a threat to its existence
SOCIAL JUNK AND SOCIAL DYNAMITE
Social junk: comes to attention when informal resources have been exhausted or when the
magnitude of the problem becomes significant enough to create a basis for “public concern”
Social dynamite: its potential to call into question relations of production and domination.
Social dynamite tends to be more youthful, alienated, and politically volatile than social
junk.
PEACEMAKING CRIMINOLOGY
Restorative justice
Instead of overthrowing capitalism, it tries to accommodate conflict through various means
of conflict resolution such as moral suasion and informal negotiation aims to build trust
and sense of community
Accepts the notion that conflict is root of crime
Conflict is resolved by social bonds
Peacemaking is one of two ways to approach social control; the other is war making
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Document Summary

Crime and criminals are socially constructed phenomena. They do not simply exist but are made. What is criminal changes as social context changes. The attempt to present who we are or who we want to believe we are, through our words, nonverbal behaviours and actions. On stage = social representation of best possible self". Backstage = not actively managing role" (off guard) Our conscience our unconscious orchestration of a carefully designed presentation of self, so as to create a certain impression that fits our goals or needs in a social interaction. Process by which the reaction of other people spoils" normal identity. Situation of an individual who is disqualified or rejected from a full social acceptance due to the possession of a deeply discredited attribute such as (1) bodily abominations/physical deformities (2) weaknesses of individual character (3) race, religion, nationality. Fundamentally inappropriate reaction by much of society to relatively minor events and conditions.

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