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CRIM 2650 Study Guide - Final Guide: Mike Hough, Critical Discourse Analysis, Scientific Misconduct

7 pages76 viewsWinter 2016

Department
Criminology
Course Code
CRIM 2650
Professor
Anita Lam
Study Guide
Final

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CRIM 2653: Tutorial Final Exam Preparation Activity – Clarifying the Questions
General Comments:
- Look at assignment two instructions and description of how important an
introductory paragraph is and how it must me structured and what to include in it.
- There are multiple ways of approaching these questions
- Make sure to answer the essences of what specific question is asking (cover all
parts, sub-questions). Answer fully.
- You can be more specific in your responses, as long as you justify your
approach.
1) Qualitative research usually brings researchers into close and intimate contact
with their participants, and this close contact may have important implications for
the researcher both in terms of their analyses of their data and in terms of their
ethical conduct. What are some of the ways that qualitative researchers maintain
their scientific and ethical integrity?
Qualitative vs. Quantitative. What is qualitative research and how is it different? Unique
contributions.
Topic 4. Defining Qualitative Research
What is the nature of Qualitative Research? (types, how they work with vulnerable
groups…)
Look at research ethics and the back ground, topic 4 + Powerpoints
Potential Readings: Israel & Hay – “Research Ethics in Criminology
John Lowman & Ted Plays
Some examples can be drawn form the following readings:
- Government accused of research bias (pdf)
- Research bias and integrity (pdf)
Potential Discussions about:
- Informed consent, confidentiality, harms & benefits…
- Tri-council Policy core priniciples: Respect for persons, concern for welfare,
justice
- Respect for: Human dignity, free and informed consent, vulnerable persons,
privacy & confidentiality, justice & inclusiveness, balancing harms & benefits,
minimizing harm
Risk: Non-maleficence (minimize risk of harm or misconduct, avoidance, minimization
strategies, debriefing, support & advocacy)
Credibility, Trustworthiness, Transferability etc…
Reading by Tracy (about ethical integrity) Qualitative Quality: Eight “Big Tent”
Criteria for Excellent Qualitative Quality
1
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Relevant Lectures/Powerpoints:
February 10 – Topic 10: Quality Control in Qualitative Research
February 21 – Research Design: Overview
Also Look at early course material about scientific integrity
Research Integrity:
- Morals & values (scientific misconduct)
- Analysis & Reporting (fabrication, falsification, plagiarism)
- Professional status, methods, character or standards
- Achieve valid results (true to results)
- Honesty / transparency (no fabrication)
Intimate contact, for example in field research – look at discussions (lecture and tutorial)
about the role of the researcher and their level of involvement (choices and their
impacts).
- You could also look at unobtrusive methods to illustrate how important it is to
build relationships (identifying what issues arise when you do not).
Disadvantages – Slide 6 of powerpoints
Relevant terms/Keywords: Reflexivity, specific qualitative methodologies (ex. Field
research, Ethnography…)
2) Experimental Criminology and Evaluation Research share certain common
characteristics in terms of the knowledge-claims they make, and there has been a
tendency on the part of policy-makers to rely very heavily on these two
approaches to research. Why would policy-makers find these approaches
attractive? What do the critics have to say about these research methods?
January 25th & February 1st – Lectures and powerpoint for experimental criminology
February 21st define evaluation research and why policy makers rely on it.
Readings:
Mike Hough “Criminology and the Role of Experimental Research” (Chapter 13)
Heather Strong & Lawrence W. Sherman (Chapter 26) - Topic 8
Karin Tusinski & James Byrne (Chapter 23) - Topic 9
OHBC Reading (p.996 –> chart)
May also include parts of Joel Best reading
Topic 2 discusses public policy and policy makers
Start by identifying and defining the different methodologies, make sure you're touching
on all the different elements.
2
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