Study Guides (299,381)
CA (140,929)
York (11,256)
CRIM (181)

CRIM 3652 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Participant Observation, Corporate Crime, Criticism Of Wikipedia

4 pages246 viewsFall 2016

Course Code
CRIM 3652
Richard Myles
Study Guide

This preview shows page 1. to view the full 4 pages of the document.
Ethnographies of Crime and Policing Test #1 Study Sheet
Lecture #1 Scrutinizing the crimes of the powerful & Why Research Policing?
The crimes of the powerful are far more costly, examples: corporate crimes cause
more victims than the regular street crime. Rather than just one victim there are
multiple victims left in debt, jobless. These committed by states and corporations
have greater economic, physical and social costs than conventional criminals.
White-collar crime is more serious than street gang crimes.
How do the powerful get away with these crimes?
They co-produce law to benefit them, while demonizing marginalized ‘others’. The
ones in power can afford good lawyers, connections, and techniques of neutralizing
the crime.
In the best interest of those in power it is best that their actions and methods are
made invisible to avoid public being informed and aware.
Secrecy is an obvious manifestation of power maintenance. Corporate and state
crime is well under-documented and reported in mainstream criminology and
criminal justice publishing. Hiding the truth about the severity of white-collar
crime why? Power maintenance & political corruption
Hegemony-leadership or dominance of one group over all others
White-collar crime is almost impossible to detect at times due to conflicting
interests. Bringing attention to corporate crime means bringing attention to
the state.
Policing is a social process while “police” refers to a particular institution
Carried out by various social intuitions, not just the police.
Policing is evaluated differently by people with varying social interests, positions
and values.
Policing is a universal requirement of any social order
Policing is an aspect of social control: policing forms punishment reproduces
conditions for social order such as childhood socialization or religion.
Policing defines in society what is deviant, problematic, worrying, threatening.
This definition is apparent in theories such as broken windows type policing, a
focus on order maintenance, punitive policing, and situational crime prevention.
Neoliberalism from his slides? *****
Evolution of research on Police
Police research only began in the 19060s
Academic research: through disciplines such as sociology, criminology, history
Four stages: consensus, controversy, conflict, and contradiction
*Read more into this
1. The Celebratory Stage (early 1960s)
2. The Controversy Stage (late 1960s-1970s)
3. The Conflict Stage (1980s)
4. The Neoliberal/Crime Control/Order Maintenance Stage (1990s-Present)
find more resources at
find more resources at
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.