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York University
Environmental Studies
ENVS 1000
Peter Timmerman

Where Do We Stand with the Earth: What does this article talk about? How can you tie it into the first lecture? What does the image of the earth mean to you? What does the following quote mean? "whereas the planet has been the ground for the human population as figure; since Sputnik, the planet has become figure and the satellite surround has become the new ground.... Once it is contained within a human environment, Nature yields its primacy to Art" What is the figure-ground role reversal? How does this technological advancement change our perception of the earth? What is God's Eye View? What is the distinction between problems and mysteries? What is the difference between point source and non-point source pollutants? What are ontological assaults? What is the difference between shallow and deep ecologies? Monarch Butterflies Where are the butterflies going? What do they feed on? What determines their range? What is the mystery of the monarch butterfly? According to the article, what connections do we have to Monarch butterflies? What happens to species that we don't have connections to? Discussion Questions: Gaia and the Earth System Who is Jim Lovelock? How did he propose using spectral analysis? What is the Gaia hypothesis? Is earth one big mechanism? Explore this quote from the reading: "Life is not just a visitor: it is woven deep into earth processes." What is the strength of the Gaia hypothesis? What are some of earth's cycles and processes? How are they impacted by human activities? Discussion Questions: Darwin Initiative What is the Darwin Initiative? What is sustainability? Explore this quote from the reading: "sustainable development is not a goal, not a condition likely to be attained on earth as we know it. Rather, it is more like a freedom or justice, a direction in which we must strive, along which we search for a life good enough to warrant our comforts." Who is Reverend Thomas Malthus? What did he predict? Was he wrong? What does this article say about biological extinction? What are hot spots? What is the Brundtland Report? Discussion Questions Collapse Reading Why does the reading call Easter Island a test case? Why study Easter Island? What are some of Easter Island's intrinsic vulnerabilities? What do we know about the social structure of Easter Island? What happened when resources collapsed on Easter Island? How is the Mayan collapse different from the Easter Island collapse? What were the geographic and socio-political facts that made the Mayans so vulnerable? Are there differences between modern societies and these societies? What happens when planet earth becomes one big Easter Island? How does this article define vulnerability, resilience, and reliability? What is the difference between reliant and resilient technology? Which is more vulnerable? Discussion Questions Human Dimension 1 Some of these questions at the end of are tied into the next reading. I wanted to include them here, but you might not get to them until next week.

 Why do we have myths? What are some myths that are familiar to you? Do you think there are universal myths?

Describe the Hunter Gatherers and the role they have with nature. Describe the contact you have with nature and the ways in which you experience it. How do they compare? 

How did thinking about nature begin? What is TEK? What i
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