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Environmental Studies
ENVS 2200
Stefan Kipfer

3 Friedrich Engels Conditions of the Working Class in England describes class thexploitation and inequality in 19 century England Social inequality remains a central feature of urban life in our capitalist world Discuss with respect to three types of social inequality including but not limited to class relations Social Class inequalitythDuring the 19 century Engels Britain was an industrial capitalistic center in the making with class gender and racial inequalities as the central feature of the urban workingclassEngels orking class book was an early look at the social geography andpioneering study of the effects of uncontrolled industrializationIn 1840s it was during the industrial revolution when Manchester had become the workshop of the world and the leading industrialglobal city by supplying half the worlds cotton There was great concentration of labor in cities due to mechanical power railroad iron smelting and loom and as steam and coal became important migrant factory workers poured in and met these demandsThere wasrapid industrialization and urbanization lead to class formation and class identityIn Engels reading he states that in 1860s new labor aristocracies were formed the working class became more segmented due to religion political affliaiations sports clubs etcRapid growth of town and cities createdgrowth urban problem like inadequate housing polluted environment poor public healthEngles and marxindustrial city had class built on minority ownership of productions and its exploitation of the propertyless majority through wage salvery city does not make capitalism but capitalism that gives rise to the modern industrial city capitalism pulls in labour with reserve army of unemployed and underemployed due the bourgeoisie dependence on themAs rich richer poor pooer this gave rise to strong residential segregationBy the 1890s the bourgoisiefound ways to moved to the edges of the urban core and live in a more lesspolluted tranquil green space of high status and standards called picturesque enclaves and built for themselves garden citiesSuburb were socially middleupper class dominated and the urban city was mostly wagelabor working class dominated Social class inequality helped spatial restructuring of London
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