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ENVS 2200 Study Guide - Final Guide: Intercity Transit, Utopia, Post-Fordism

Environmental Studies
Course Code
ENVS 2200
Stefan Kipfer
Study Guide

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Modern and Traditional Cities
Traditional cities: walled, inwards facing courtyard, multiple extended
families, spatially dense, transportation by animals.
Modern cities: capitalist lands and property ownership, non-animal
transportation, auto-mobile oriented, planned to western rationality
Suburban modernities
Suburbia = increasing commoditization, shopping economy, places of
transforming class identities.
Essence of modern suburb is physical, social, and spatial separation.
Suburb is spatially separate from city, and each household spatially
separated from the others.
Internationalizing the Suburb
Imperialism had an impact on shaping of space and build form in colonies but
also on Metropole at home.
Colonial improvement trusts influenced the ideas and policies in Utah and
development. Ex- colonial administrators = Managers in Utah and
developments colonies used as sources of cheap labor for example policy =
assisted migration from Britain to Australia.
An example: three spatial forms from other cultures to giving you meanings
to suburban life the villa, the veranda and the bungalow. Villa came from Italy
it was instrumental in spatially differentiating private from public, by
establishing suburban fly as site for cultivation of self through leisure instead
of commerce and politics. Made creation of a bourgeois consciousness.
For example: downing wrote page 101,” is that country house of a person of
comepetence Orwell sufficient to build it with taste and elegance.” Cottage
=’s looked by family. Villa = at least three or more servings.
Veranda = originally from Spain and Portugal, Imported via colonial roots
from India, An extension of the bourgeois. Was large enough = Stuffed with
new consumer goods imported from eastern colonies lie in DR China Hong
Bungalow = Single-story suburban dwelling–in country but not all country
equally hybridize product of imperialism. Page 103.
Old and new Neoligisms
Suburb =’ sub’ means under or below The city blast generic growth out of the
city. Today many cities have suburbs but also supraurbs Or globurbs. Meaning
forms and settlements on the outskirts of the city. Origins I E economics social
called you all–generated blessed by developments inside the city and more by
external forces beyond its boundaries. Influences come from far either
electronically or physically, not through printed media.

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Globurbs: generated not by international or global forces, but by imperialism
colonialism nationalism as well as migratory cultures and capital flows of global
capitalism. These = postcolonial globurbs.
Globurbs are communities of new migrations with commercial and cultural
centers. Visible collective identity of these communities is evident any malls,
Shops, cinemas, temples, festivals = Transnational Spaces = ethnoburb.
Suburbia and ethnic clusters of residential areas and business in large American
metropolitan area. Multiethnic cities = one minority = significant concentration but
not necessarily a majority.
Example: San Gabriel Valley, Los Angeles county, 1990, 15 8000 ethnic Chinese
largest concentration in US.
It is an outcome of influence international geopolitical and global economic
restructuring. Also results from changing nationally geopolitical and trade
policies, economical and political context.
Processes of ethnic restructuring include ‘the rise of post– fordism ,
Deindustrialization of traditional manufacturing industries, Reinvest realize nation
of crap sectors, rapid expansion of service sector, Foreign direct investment and
growth and scale and spatial reach of multinational corporations–greeting meet
for High skilled professionals and low skilled laborers.
Geopolitical ruptures– Vietnam war/” War = Generated pressures I’m on
international populations to immigrate to US and other industrialized countries.
ethnoburb: Chinese keep close ties to their countries of the region listening to
radio watching TV in Chinese dialects makes them feel at home.
Suburbia depended on media technologies– radio, television, telephone, e-mail,
Internet– overcome disadvantages of distance to compensate for loneliness of
suburb, link it with significant communities.
Television = instantaneously two countries of home.
television and media = engines of suburban hybridization, Reproducing
‘ambuguities of modernity’. P.106
Urban fantasies
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