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Department
Geography
Course
GEOG 1000
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
Did the EU create “Europe”? Did NAFTA create “North America”? Why or why not?  4 Paragraph o Introduction o EU and Europe o NAFTA and North America o Conclusion  Intro o Via these agreements regions have become more solidified and stronger in their sense because they provide the group with a sense of belonging to each other via trade o Can also show the help they are willing to provide in order to help people in their regions, like Greece in the EU o EU – the European union, consisting of 27 countries in Europe  Extending to Eastern Europe o NAFTA – North American Free Trade Agreement  European Union and Europe o Created an Eastern boundary of Europe  Illegal for people to pass o United the people via a currency and trade agreements allowing for international, intraunion, bonds to become stronger  This leads to a unification that provides a stronger economy and sense of region as “Europe”  Greater flow of people and flow of trade within the region, but outside of the region there is an immense “othering” o Spirit of cooperation prevails as Europe sets aside nationalistic agendas and works toward regional economic, political and cultural integration.  Regional economic integration occurs via free trade, loans, and general help for example Greece is struggling and is being helped by the EU  Political – the EU has two capitals of Brussels and Straussberg, where there are leaders of the EU and they meet, essentially creating one regional government  Cultural integration is that everyone is “European”, thus relating themselves to the larger region of Europe  NAFTA and North America o Free trade allows more cash flow between Canada, the USA and Mexico, thus integrating the systems almost as one economy with three sub-economies  It is noted the Mexico is losing out immensely via NAFTA, thus making North America almost seem to only be Canada and the United States o The fact that NAFTA “weeds out” Mexico makes North America seem to be a stronger st power because it is “only” two 1 world countries without any downfall  Canada and the US economies are boosted o Allows for friendships between Canadian and US companies to increase and expland, i.e. Tim Hortons in USA, Starbucks in Canada What are the strengths and weaknesses of talking about the world in terms of its “regions”? Discuss with references to specific examples from at least two regions.  5 Paragraph Essay o Intro o Strength o Weakness, ex. 1 o Weakness, ex. 2 + point o Conclusion  Intro o Human beings commonly compress info into sterotypes, this is what a region is  A spatial stereotype in order to compress information to set places apart from other places  Issue: there is a gradual, not absolute effect, so adjacent regions have immense influences on each other, not always recognized  can be compared the gradual rise of mountain regions (Rowntree)  “NO REGION IS HOMOGENOUS THROUGHOUT AN AREA”  There may be a single characteristic that unites, but there is diversity (Rowntree) o Fragmentation and fuzzy regions do not allow regions to truly be completely beneficial. In comparison, overall it appears that the weaknesses of regions outweigh the benefits when attempting to speak accurately about the world.  Strength o Allows humans to analyze large areas more easily by allowing an organizing tool o Attempt to find discrepancies between different regions so that comparisons can occur o Allows for certain trade agreements to be made due to the similarities witnessed via regions (NAFTA, EU)  Weakness 1 o North America  Large differentiation between Canada and USA’s general reputation vs. Mexico  Mexico is considered developing and NAFTA is making this hard on Mexico because as Manzell’s article stated that trade is tough on developing countries  One may say to remove Mexico from this region but:  Rural v. Urban shows that there is so much of a difference in the ways of life between the two o Population is moving from rural to urban o Lifestyle is much more difficult for the rural areas, we see drug abuse and very risky living conditions (i.e. if one bad year occurs a farm can be “ruined” o Health disparity, economic disparity are the key points here  All those can be fragmented and more fragmentation occurs  Weakness 2 o Africa  Immense dispersion of wealth  South Africa is richest, rest of the region is very poor o Also provides difficulty because SA has very large dispersion of wealth (Lecture)  Physical geography  Oil rich countries have a large advantage (Tutorial)  Landlocked countries have much harder times with trading because they need to travel within other countries (and thus pay) in order to do trade, thus decreasing the profit margin. (Lecture) in comparison to other countries that can trade well  Infrastructure, education, and public health are bad in most places, but in other places the complete opposite is seen  In the rural areas, there is very poor people who are farming – not really part of the economy, but urban areas there is lots of trade o Even with that, we see slums in the urban areas, so there is fragmentation again  Overall, fragmentation occurs at all times  Conclusion o Re state What is neocolonialism? Compare its effects in Africa and North America Essay Breakdown Paragraph 1: Intro, general definition of neocolonialism. Paragraph 2: Discuss the effects of neocolonialism on Africa. (ie. China’s impacts) Paragra
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