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Quiz Study Guide North America.docx

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York University
GEOG 1000
Valerie Preston

Quiz Study Guide: North America and The Arctic Date: Thursday November 7 , 2013th The Six Main Climatic Zones, Locations & Significance  Most of the regions best farmland and densest settlements lie in the mild or continental mid-latitude climates  Tropical, Humid Climates - South, Eastern United States - Miami, Florida  Dry Climates - Eastern United States - Cheyenne, Wyoming  Mild Mid-Latitude Climates - South, Easter United States - Dallas, Texas - Western Coast of North America - LA, California - Vancouver, BC  Continental Mid-Latitude Climates - North, Western United States - Columbus, Ohio - Most of Canada, excluding northern Nunavut and Quebec - Toronto, Ontario - Churchill, Manitoba  Polar Climates - Northern Territories, Northern Quebec  Highland - Rocky Mountains - Mostly South Western Canada, Western United States 1 The Process of Global Warming  Solar radiation passes through the atmosphere  Most radiation is absorbed by earths surface, resulting in warming of the lower atmosphere  Some radiation is reflected by earth and its atmosphere  Long wave infrared radiation is re-radiated from earths surface  Some passes through atmosphere and lost in space, most is absorbed by greenhouse gases (warming earth) - As human activities add more and more GHG, global warming results from the increased trapping of infrared radiation Locations of Agricultural Activities  Livestock Ranching - Dallas Ft. Worth, Austin  Mediterranean Agriculture - LA - San Francisco - San Diego  Commercial Wheat & Other Small Grain Farming - Calgary, Winnipeg  Dairy farming - Milwaukee - Toronto - Hamilton - Montreal 2 European Settlement & Factors That Changed Them  First stage (1600-1750) – eastern, costal regions - Through the St. Lawrence Valley extended along Atlantic Coast - Development along Gulf Coast and Southwest also appeared before 1750  Second stage (1750-1850) – eastern half of continent - Better agricultural land - Pioneers across Appalachian Mountains - Following American Revolution (1776) and Indian conflicts - Found interior lowlands ideal for agricultural settlement - Southern Ontario/Upper Canada experienced development after 1791  Third Stage (1850-1910) – remaining lands (mostly western half) - Settled by a mix of native-born and immigrant farmers - Challenged and sometimes defeated
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