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Geography 1HB3.pdf

51 Pages

Course Code
GEOG 1400

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Geography Course Overview IOur next class September1211Wednesday An 816 AMintroduction to Define The study of patterns and processes on the earths surfacehuman geographyPlease begin Human Geographyreading the the spatial patterns of people their cultures economies settlements political and social structures first three chapters and behavior where people live how their lives differ from one place to the nextCh13Study of not just the spatial organization of human activities but also the significant meanings attached these relate to places where these activities take place to our next three classesGlobalization In what ways are the worlds economies interconnectedDevelopment What are the root causes of the global inequalities in economic developmentWhat factors do manufacturers or retailers consider in choosing where to locate their places of businessWalMart EffectWhat happens when small local retailer are pushed out of business by large corporate homogenous onesIn what ways do cities in different parts of the world differconsequences of cities reaching a large sizeWhat are the realities of the global food crisiswhere does food come fromPurpose an introduction to the theories methods and concepts of human geography with a focus on local and global economic activity and forms of settlementAn overview of the fieldA foundation for subsequent human geography courses offered by the School of GeographyEarth SciencesGreater general understanding and awareness of global issuesSkills Identify and define the main geographical concepts related to the study of human activity1Select the appropriate concepts and apply them to specific geographic problems 2Communicate ideas clearly and concisely in both verbal and written form3Conduct meaningful field work and4Work effectively as a member of a group5Contact Information and Office HoursInstructor Dr Michael MercierOffice General Science Bdg GSB 220Phone x27597 or Email merciememcmastercaOffice HoursMonday 9301120 Wednesday 9301120Friday 10301120 or by appointment please email to set up an appointmentInstructional Assistant Julia EvanovitchOffice Burke Science Bdg BSB 317DPhone x 20436 or Email evanovjmmcmastercaCourse Content Office Hours w JuliaTo be determinedCourse ScheduleCourse material is divided into six major sectionsIntroduction1Key conceptsGlobal Economic Issues2Globalization Development Hunger etcPopulation Geography3Cities and Urbanization4Growth rates and the emergence of megacities urban landuse and planningEconomic Activity5Agriculture ManufacturingRetail activityConclusion6 GEO 1HB3 Page 1 Conclusion6Grading and EvaluationMidTerm Test 15October 12 inclass timeFinal Exam 35December Exam PeriodAssignmentsLabs 50 4 AssignmentsIndividual and groupWritingresearch skills as well as geographical analysis1 to 2 weeks eachLab Attendance Bonus up to 3InstructionLectures two 1hour lecture periods per weekMonday and WednesdayLabs one 2hour Lab most weeksCheck your scheduleLectures andlabs are equally important to the courseLectures discussion of core materialcontentLabs course assignments activities and discussion related to skill developmentReading MaterialRequired TextndFellmann JD et al 2009 Human Geography Landscapes of Human Activities2Canadian Edition McGrawHill Ryerson TorontoCustom Courseware RequiredGEOG 1HB3 Human Geographies CityEconomyMercier GEO 1HB3 Page 2 Chapters 13September1311452 PMInterested in how different things are interrelated in different regionsMigrationAcculturationDiffusion of innovationEffect of physical barriers on communicationRelationship of language to other aspects of cultureContent of an area has physical and cultural aspects and geography is always concerned with understanding bothPhysical Geographers climatology geomorphology biogeographyHuman Geography human phenomena social political economic demographic cities or resource and environmental researchHowever critics argued that location theories did Spatial interaction measurement of direction distance and connectivitynot address the social and SpatialEconomics location theoriesspatial inequities found in Location theories establishing and explaining patterns and order in the distribution of economic economic developmentactivities across spaceBehaviouralists how humans adjust to hazards or the reasons for certain land usageRadical geographies ie Marxism structuralismThe term radical was given because of the proposed socialist agendabeing the solution to capitalist economiesProgressive social agenda 2 important contributionsDefine Socialism form of economic and social organization based on common ownership of mean s to produce and distribute productsWanted to increase awareness of how and why social 1stproblems were evident in spaceAddress inequalities that were present in societies 2nddevelopingStaples theory exploitation and export of raw materials was the essence of Canadas historyChapter 1 IntroductionLocationpersonal movements and spatial interactionsDistancejoins location and directionAbsolute locationidentification based on precise system of coordinatesAbsolute distance spatial separation based on standard GIS geographic information system UTMUniversal Transverse MercatorunitMiles KilometersRelative location position in relation to that of other places or activitiesMontreal is located near Lachine Rapids on the St Lawrence RiverRelative Distance linear measurments into other unitsBus ride is 2 10 minutes from homeSiterefers to physical and cultural characteristics and attributes of the place itselfSoil climate vegitation elevation etcDirectionsecond universal spatial conceptSituationrefers to external relations of a locale and gives insight into the importanceSaskatoon is nicknamed Hub City because of railway operationsAbsolute direction based on cardinal points of north south east westRelative direction directional references that are culturally basedFar east Middle EastNatural Landscapeprovides setting within which human action occursCultural Landscapevisible expression of human activitySpatial interaction process and patters of how places interact with each other in structured and comprehendible waysToblers First Law of Geography everything is related to everything else and these relationships become stronger when the locations are nearThe opposite of this theory is distance decay GEO 1HB3 Page 3
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