GEOG 1410- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 66 pages long!)

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GEOG 1410
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Markets - Wall Street is an example
Allocation of resources
Trading resources
What does economic mean?
Introductory Points
What on earth d geographers study?
The world that geographers study is a 'whole'
All things are inter-related; some more than others
How things are happening in one world is connected to something happening in another
country
The changes in the world in relation to places/regions
This whole has 'parts'
But the think about the globe in multiple scales
Implication: an internationalist outlook (think about the entire world)
Parts vs wholes
They study the interaction with society and the physical environment
The study where things and why they are where they are in relation to their scales
How can you represent what geographers study?
Spatial integration process: among places
Contradiction and conflicts in the world system
From city state
The geographical scale of human interaction has been increasing overt time and the
concentration is Globalization
Scaling up
'Eat efore'…agriulture, et.
This approach means that humans have to eat and drink before doing anything else
Production of food is the main focus
Materialism
Economic development (the unevenness in relation to resource distribution, politics in
countries)
Unevenness
Three laws
Spatial integration process: among places
To exist, we need 'means' of living/existence
1)
Subsistence needs (food, health care, etc.)
Raw material and energy (from nature)
Tools, machines
Physical and mental abilities
Reproduction of the species
Human labour
The means of existence have to be produced
2)
Material relations with nature
Among people (social relations of production)
Social relations (our life depends on the life's of others)
This production requires two kinds of relations
Eight points on how to understand society
Understanding Economic Processes geographically and
critically
Tuesday, January 9, 2018
11:29 AM
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Among people (social relations of production)
Relate one thing to another
Relations to nature and the environment, why is that important?
1)
We must preserve nature since we are part of it
Human relations
2)
We can't understand our life and society without human relations
There are two types
The majority perform surplus labour for a minority
Class relations
In society which produce surplus over their needs, relation among people are equal
Class relations become a condition for, and are reproduced by relations of gender, race, sexuality
and kinship etc.
Development of means of production + labor power within specific social relations for
the purpose of production and exchange of wealth
It is a social process
Distribution of things that we need
Economic means that you use means of production (land, factories) and the ability to
work
The transformation of nature and spatial relations to production things we need, within a
system of social relations
3) Economic sphere
Social relations of production
Productive forces (technology, raw materials, space etc plus labour power)
The geography of economic sphere
Economic sphere affects and is affected by
4.
Production, exchange and distribution of things that we need form the economic sphere
Political aspects (government, political activities and struggles)
Cultural aspects (ideas about ethnicity, nation, gender; art/literature, theories in geography
and other disciplines
Systems supporting or
System transcending physical biological sciences
Political and cultural spheres, generally are
A most important part of the political sphere is the state
5.
Political arm of the economically dominant class
Ask for free education or democratic ownership of banks, factories and farms and see
what happens
Excesses its power within specific territories
Normally used to maintain the system through coercion/consent/concessions
2 things (cultural and political )
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Document Summary

The world that geographers study is a "whole" All things are inter-related; some more than others. How things are happening in one world is connected to something happening in another country. The changes in the world in relation to places/regions. Implication: an internationalist outlook (think about the entire world) But the think about the globe in multiple scales. They study the interaction with society and the physical environment. The study where things and why they are where they are in relation to their scales. The geographical scale of human interaction has been increasing overt time and the concentration is globalization. This approach means that humans have to eat and drink before doing anything else. Economic development (the unevenness in relation to resource distribution, politics in countries) The means of existence have to be produced. Social relations (our life depends on the life"s of others) We must preserve nature since we are part of it.

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