GEOG 1410 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Regional Geography, Regional Integration, Lebensraum

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18 Apr 2014
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1.) What is the difference between a place and a space?
Place: a concept with two levels of meaning 1- an objective location that
has uniqueness and interdependence with others places 2-a subjective
social and cultural construct. Somewhere that has personal meaning for
individuals or groups. Socially constructed
Space: where objects are located/events occur
2.) What is the defining component of globalization?
Globalization: the increasing interconnectedness of different parts around
the world through common processes of economic, environment, political
and cultural change. Spread of culture throughout the world.
world wide integration & development
‐largely characterized by persistent & inevitable uneven development
‐integration of cultural, political and economic process connecting different
spaces
3.) Explain Ratzels concept of Lebensraum
He was influenced by Karl Litter and as a follower of Charles Darwin. He
developed the organic state theory with his student. Lebensraum means
"living space". Refers to unification of the country and the acquisition of
colonies based on the English and French models and westward expansion
of the US. He believed that the development of people was primarily
influenced by their geographical situation and that a people that
successfully adapted to one location would proceed naturally to another.
The expansion to fill available space was a natural and necessary feature if
healthy species. He emphasized the needs for overseas colonies to which
Germans ought to migrate outside if Europe.
-thinks of nations as ‘living beings’ (if you’re not growing, you’re dying
-‘organic state theory’
4.) What are two common elements within a critical approach to
geography?
5.) What is the North Atlantic triangle and why is it important to the
economic development of Canada ?
Colonial trade around 1750. Theoretical for studying the history of
Canadian foreign policy. Explains the importance of United Kingdom United
States relations to Canada's security and even survival. Series of triangles
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linking North Atlantic to other places in the world and is important to trading
and economic growth. Was important in avoiding a reputation of American
invasions.
‐for studying the history of Canadian foreign policy
‐united kingdom, united states and Canada
‐about Canada’s security/survival in late 19th century
6.) Does Canada have "too much geography"
-We don't have too much history we have geography in Canada because
it's so big
-how much of it is habitual area?
‐tundra, rain forests, farmlands and the prairies
‐we live mainly around the circle of the great lakes
7.) How are "core" and "peripheral" countries in the world system
locked in interdependent relationships.
Core: regions that dominate trade control the most advanced technologies
and have high levels of productivity within diversified economies. Have
relatively high percapita. First ones were Holland and England and later
we're joined by manufacturing and exporting regions in other parts of
Western Europe and North America later japan and Pacific Rim.
Peripheral : regions with dependent and disadvantageous trading
relationships obsolete technologies and underdeveloped or narrowly
specialized economies with low levels of productivity. Weaker regions that
have remained economically and politically unsuccessful throughout the
process of incorporating into the world system.
-core/peripheral are interdependent parts of the global
-capitalist system, alternative used of resources, dependency is
maintained by ‘local elites’
8.) What is a 'staple' and what did Harold Innis mean by the 'staples
trap' ?
Staple: A minimally processed primary resource produced mostly for
export. Ex. In canada is it fish fur wood grain and minerals
Staple trap: dictates that social and economic development is based upon
the production of unprocessed raw materials for export.
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-export of Canada's natural resources locked this country into dependency
as a resource hinterland for more advanced economies and so delayed the
maturing of its own economy
-economy becomes vulnerable to global price fluctuations and
competitions
staple: minimally produced primary resource mostly for export
staple theory: social & economic development is based upon the
production of unprocessed raw materials for export
staples trap: as economy becomes vulnerable to global price fluctuations &
competition
Canada social and economic development has largely been based
upon the export if a series of commodities to larger economies for
processing
9.) Is Canada a core semi peripheral or peripheral nation?
Semi peripheral: able to exploit peripheral regions but themselves are
exploited and dominated by core regions. Countries that were once
peripheral.
Neither are permanent
Canada is core and was once peripheral
10.) Describe the core- periphery relationship within Canada?
Not all of Canada's provinces and territories share uniformly and this
prosperity. Could be divided into its heartland and hinterland. Regional
cores and peripheries with in the country. Regional cores are made up of
local cores and peripheries result of more local processes of development.
Ex Toronto. Wealthy and poor sections. World system is not made of few
homogeneous regions. Much more geographically varied.
‐periphery is often lesser developed than the core; resources flow from the
periphery to the core, however decisions flow from the core to the periphery
‐the core is fueled by the periphery however the periphery is told how to
fuel
11.) What is the difference between a formal and a vernacular
region ?
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Document Summary

Place: a concept with two levels of meaning 1- an objective location that has uniqueness and interdependence with others places 2-a subjective social and cultural construct. Somewhere that has personal meaning for individuals or groups. Globalization: the increasing interconnectedness of different parts around the world through common processes of economic, environment, political and cultural change. Spread of culture throughout the world. world wide integration & development. Largely characterized by persistent & inevitable uneven development. Integration of cultural, political and economic process connecting different spaces. He was influenced by karl litter and as a follower of charles darwin. He developed the organic state theory with his student. Refers to unification of the country and the acquisition of colonies based on the english and french models and westward expansion of the us. He believed that the development of people was primarily influenced by their geographical situation and that a people that successfully adapted to one location would proceed naturally to another.

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