Study Guides (238,549)
Canada (115,195)
York University (9,816)
Geography (66)
GEOG 1410 (11)
Raju Das (3)

geo 1410 exam review questions and definitions.docx

17 Pages
Unlock Document

York University
GEOG 1410
Raju Das

Questions 1. WHAT DOES AN INTERNATIONALIST APPROACH TO HUMAN GEOGRAPHY MEAN? advocates a greater economic and political cooperation among nations for their benefit teaches that the people of all nations have more in common than they do differences nations should treat each other as equals see the world more connected and with the increase of globalization since human geography studies the world, its people, communities, and cultures, internationalist see everything connected and together 2. WHAT DO SCALING UP AND SPATIAL INTEGRATION REFER TO? Spatial integration is the process whereby the settlement frontier is eliminated through the creation of trade areas and the establishment of ties with the core areas and the surrounding communities. Scaling up process of improving the core areas instead of changing it; made up that definition 3. WE NEED A DIALECTICAL, MATERIALIST AND GEOGRAPHICAL FRAMEWORK TO UNDERSTAND THE WORLD. EXPLAIN. Economy grows to a state of maximum efficiency, while simultaneously developing internal contradictions and weaknesses that contribute to its systemic decay; i have no idea ? 4. HOW IS DEVELOPMENT MEASURED? Global domestic product an estimate of the total value of all materials foodstuff goods and services produced by a country in a particular year Gross national product similar to GDP but also includes the value of income from abroad (international) Gross national income similar to GDP but also includes the value of income from abroad and excludes the taxes and wages a country pays to outside interests 5. WHAT IS PROBLEMATIC ABOUT GNP per capita AS AN INDICATOR OF DEVELOPMENT? Because they are based on each nations currency Using GNI, converted to international dollars, using purchasing power parity (PPP) conversion factor; international dollars indicate the amount of goods and services one could buy in the US with a given amount of money 6. WHAT ARE THE GEOGRAPHICAL THEORIES OF DEVELOPMENT? Internal Causes High Population growth Rate stage 2 of DTM death rate up birth rate down, high increase in population; stage 3 rapid population increase giving what to lower birth rates in developed industrial society Youthful age structure the percentage of people aged 15 or younger is way greater than poepl 65 and old in less developed countries and totalled in the world; in more developed countries the percentage is the same External causes Neo-colonialism - practice of using capitalism, globalization, and cultural forces to control a country; debt ask for money- country lends money payment back is way greater than borrowed greater debt 7. WHY IS THE MALTHUSIAN EXPLANATION OF POVERTY PROBLEMATIC? by arguing that population growth generally expanded in times and in regions of plenty until the size of the population relative to the primary resources caused distress population pressure would be the dependant variable and the resources are the independent variable 8. HOW CAN POVERTY LEAD TO MORE POVERTY? Geographically the single most important feature of economic development is that it is highly uneven. At the global scale this unevenness takes the form of core periphery contrast. These contrasts raise important issues of spatial justice that are closely bound up with gender inequality and social justice. Similar core periphery contrasts and equally important issues of spatial justice exist at a regional scale 9. WHAT IS THE RELATION BETWEEN (LOW) PRODUCTIVITY AND (LOW) INCOME? Productivity involves the amount of goods produced by a company or the amount of food grown; low productivity means it is below normal and this will hurt a company or country Low income involves with the amount of money one person or family makes In a farmers case low productivity means a low income for that year but for a person working in a factory they may produce a lot of goods but get paid very low 10. WHY IT IS THAT LOW WAGES AND POVERTY IN A COUNTRY CAN LEAD TO FURTEHR UNDER- DEVELOPMENT AND POVERTY? Even though poverty between countries is a greater difference than within countries some countries to have the power to fix it In brazil the poor are getting poorer and the rich are getting richer; the difference between the rich and the poor in brazil is the greatest than any other country This leads the poor to become more undeveloped and the rich will keep exploiting them The governments in brazil doesnt have the financial relief to help out the poor because the slumps are so overly populated and there so much help need 11. WHAT ARE THE LANDSCAPES OF ECONOMIC GLOBALIZATION? The globalization of the economy has meant that patterns and processes of local and regional economic development are more open to external influences than before. The globalization of the world economy involves a new international division of labour in association with the internationalization of finance the deployment of a new technology system and the homogenization of consumer markets. This new framework for economic geography has meant that the lives of people in different parts of the world have become increasingly intertwined 12. HOW DOES ECONOMIC GLOBALIZATION AFFECT THE LESS DEVELOPED WORLD? Geographically the single most important feature of economic development is that it is highly uneven. At the global scale this unevenness takes the form of core periphery contrast. These contrasts raise important issues of spatial justice that are closely bound up with gender inequality and social justice. Similar core periphery contrasts and equally important issues of spatial justice exist at a regional scale; I know its the same as before but its like the same question 13. WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE? Shifting cultivation a system in which farmers aim to maintain soil fertility by rotating the fields within which cultivation occurs; Swidden land that is cleared using and slash and burn process and is ready for cultivation Intensive subsistence agriculture practice that involves the effective and efficient use of fertilizer through human labour of a small parcel of land to maximize crop yield Pastoralism subsistence activity that involves the breeding and herding of animals to satisfy the human needs of food shelter and clothing 14. WHY DO TROPICAL AREAS GENERALLY NOT HAVE GOOD QUALITY SOILS? Where climate rainfall and vegetation combine to produce soils lacking nutrients Need to do shifting cultivation 15. HOW IS CROP ROTATION DIFFERENT FROM FIELD ROTATION? Crop rotation is growing different crops on the same pieces of land different seasons Field rotation is when you use some of the land for crops and the other part of the land you leave and allow nutrients to grow and the next season of crops you switch 16) WHAT ARE THE POSSIBLE CONNECTIONS BETWEEN POPULATION AND INTENSIVE SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE? A) Intensive subsistence agriculture is able to support large rural populations. Mainly occurs in all regions with large populations but mainly Asia, India, and China. Its a practice that involves the effective and efficient use of a small parcel of land, most of which had been seen as unsuitable for farming, to produce a crop yield. High productivity is achieved through a lot of human involvement. Great for feeding large populations while using small amount of land but this method needs the large population for labour in order to succeed. (pg. 335) 17) Why HAS THERE BEEN A DECLINE IN SHIFTING CULTIVATION ? A) One reason for the decline in shifting cultivation is due to the fact that this form of agriculture can only support a low level of population. With the increasing population in the world this method is being eliminated for agricultural methods that can support a larger population. Also shifting cultivation involves a practice called Slash-and-burn agriculture which is a process where plants are cleared from a site through cutting and the remaining stumps are burned. This is done to add minerals to the soil and increase overall fertility. The practice also adds to air pollution. Even after all this the land can still only sustain enough crops to feed a small number of people and the soils fertility diminishes very quickly. So with this method people must move to different places every couple years in order to find new land and allowing natural regeneration of other sites fertility before they can be used again. (pg. 335) 18) HOW DOES VON THUNEN EXPLAIN THE GEOGRAPHY OF AGRICULTURAL PRACTICE ? A) Von Thunen explains the geography of agricultural practice by stating that the geographical pattern of agricultural land use around cites was often directly and profoundly affected by their proximity to such centres. To put it simply, space and distance are the main determining factors that govern the choice of agricultural production that any farmer chooses to pursue. The further you have to transport your food to the market the more its going to cost you and the less fresh it is going to be. The closer your land was to the market the higher rent per hectare it would cost you to own that land. The land close to the markets were usually devoted to high value, perishable products. (pg. 360-chart on 361) 19) WHY IS THE GREEN REVOLUTION A MIX
More Less

Related notes for GEOG 1410

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.