GEOG 1410 Study Guide - Final Guide: Unemployment Benefits, Territorial Entity, Domino Theory

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8 Apr 2012
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1. WHAT DOES AN INTERNATIONALIST APPROACH TO HUMAN GEOGRAPHY MEAN?
advocates a greater economic and political cooperation among nations for their benefit
teaches that the people of all nations have more in common than they do differences
nations should treat each other as equals
see the world more connected and with the increase of globalization
since human geography studies the world, its people, communities, and cultures,
internationalist see everything connected and together
2. WHAT DO SCALING UP AND SPATIAL INTEGRATION REFER TO?
Spatial integration is the process whereby the settlement frontier is eliminated through the
creation of trade areas and the establishment of ties with the core areas and the surrounding
communities.
Scaling up process of improving the core areas instead of changing it; made up that definition
3. ‘WE NEED A DIALECTICAL, MATERIALIST AND GEOGRAPHICAL FRAMEWORK TO UNDERSTAND THE
WORLD’. EXPLAIN.
Economy grows to a state of maximum efficiency, while simultaneously developing internal
contradictions and weaknesses that contribute to its systemic decay; i have no idea ?
4. HOW IS DEVELOPMENT MEASURED?
Global domestic product an estimate of the total value of all materials foodstuff goods and
services produced by a country in a particular year
Gross national product similar to GDP but also includes the value of income from abroad
(international)
Gross national income similar to GDP but also includes the value of income from abroad and
excludes the taxes and wages a country pays to outside interests
5. WHAT IS PROBLEMATIC ABOUT GNP per capita AS AN INDICATOR OF DEVELOPMENT?
Because they are based on each nations currency
Using GNI, converted to international dollars, using purchasing power parity (PPP) conversion
factor; international dollars indicate the amount of goods and services one could buy in the US
with a given amount of money
6. WHAT ARE THE GEOGRAPHICAL THEORIES OF DEVELOPMENT?
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Internal Causes
High Population growth Rate stage 2 of DTM death rate up birth rate down, high increase in
population; stage 3 rapid population increase giving what to lower birth rates in developed
industrial society
Youthful age structure the percentage of people aged 15 or younger is way greater than poepl
65 and old in less developed countries and totalled in the world; in more developed countries
the percentage is the same
External causes
Neo-colonialism - practice of using capitalism, globalization, and cultural forces to control a
country; debt ask for money- country lends money payment back is way greater than
borrowed greater debt
7. WHY IS THE MALTHUSIAN EXPLANATION OF POVERTY PROBLEMATIC?
by arguing that population growth generally expanded in times and in regions of plenty until the
size of the population relative to the primary resources caused distress
population pressure would be the dependant variable and the resources are the independent
variable
8. HOW CAN POVERTY LEAD TO MORE POVERTY?
Geographically the single most important feature of economic development is that it is highly
uneven. At the global scale this unevenness takes the form of core periphery contrast. These
contrasts raise important issues of spatial justice that are closely bound up with gender
inequality and social justice. Similar core periphery contrasts and equally important issues of
spatial justice exist at a regional scale
9. WHAT IS THE RELATION BETWEEN (LOW) PRODUCTIVITY AND (LOW) INCOME?
Productivity involves the amount of goods produced by a company or the amount of food
grown; low productivity means it is below normal and this will hurt a company or country
Low income involves with the amount of money one person or family makes
In a farmers case low productivity means a low income for that year but for a person working in
a factory they may produce a lot of goods but get paid very low
10. WHY IT IS THAT LOW WAGES AND POVERTY IN A COUNTRY CAN LEAD TO FURTEHR UNDER-
DEVELOPMENT AND POVERTY?
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Even though poverty between countries is a greater difference than within countries some
countries to have the power to fix it
In brazil the poor are getting poorer and the rich are getting richer; the difference between the
rich and the poor in brazil is the greatest than any other country
This leads the poor to become more undeveloped and the rich will keep exploiting them
The governments in brazil doesn’t have the financial relief to help out the poor because the
slumps are so overly populated and there so much help need
11. WHAT ARE THE LANDSCAPES OF ECONOMIC GLOBALIZATION?
The globalization of the economy has meant that patterns and processes of local and regional
economic development are more open to external influences than before. The globalization of
the world economy involves a new international division of labour in association with the
internationalization of finance the deployment of a new technology system and the
homogenization of consumer markets. This new framework for economic geography has meant
that the lives of people in different parts of the world have become increasingly intertwined
12. HOW DOES ECONOMIC GLOBALIZATION AFFECT THE LESS DEVELOPED WORLD?
Geographically the single most important feature of economic development is that it is highly
uneven. At the global scale this unevenness takes the form of core periphery contrast. These
contrasts raise important issues of spatial justice that are closely bound up with gender
inequality and social justice. Similar core periphery contrasts and equally important issues of
spatial justice exist at a regional scale;
I know it’s the same as before but its like the same question
13. WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE?
Shifting cultivation a system in which farmers aim to maintain soil fertility by rotating the fields
within which cultivation occurs; Swidden land that is cleared using and slash and burn process
and is ready for cultivation
Intensive subsistence agriculture practice that involves the effective and efficient use of
fertilizer through human labour of a small parcel of land to maximize crop yield
Pastoralism subsistence activity that involves the breeding and herding of animals to satisfy
the human needs of food shelter and clothing
14. WHY DO TROPICAL AREAS GENERALLY NOT HAVE GOOD QUALITY SOILS?
Where climate rainfall and vegetation combine to produce soils lacking nutrients
Need to do shifting cultivation
15. HOW IS CROP ROTATION DIFFERENT FROM FIELD ROTATION?
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