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HUMA2190 - Sept 25, 2012.docx

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York University
GER 1790
Mathew Bera

HUMA2190 – Germany Through the Ages September 25, 2012 *do forum in the week leading up to the class that talks about it Germany in the EU – A Political Dwarf or a Benign Hegemon? Historical Overview  The post war option for European integration  The choice for market integration and economic liberalism  The choice for enlargements and strong Europeans institutions  Adopting the Euro – a choice against will  German unification in the framework of the EU  Negotiating the Lisbon Treaty - a German accomplishment The Post-War Option for European Integration  Germany after the war: o Economically weakened o Politically and morally at the ground o Divided into two parts, a third part was annexed by the USSR and Poland o No longer sovereign o Completely delegitimized as a nation  European Option: o An option to get international recognition o Promised to improve economic recovery o Adoption of the Schuman Plan (1952) for a European Community (EC) of integration of coal and steel – only 6 Euro countries joined into it  France, Germany, Italy, Belgium, Netherlands, and Luxembourg The Choice for Market Integration and Economic Liberalism  In the 1950s o Two choices: creating a common market or a common regulation of the atomic energy sector o In fact: a choice between economic liberalism and state dirigisme o The compromise between France and Germany: doing both  One was the Euro economic community  The second to explore atomic energy o Foundation of the European Economic Community and the Euratom in 1957 The choice for enlargements and strong Europeans institutions  Late 1960 and early 1970s – first enlargement of the EC (Great Britain, Ireland, and Denmark)  Mid 1980s – economic crisis at the beginning of the 80s o Creating the Single Market, Southern enlargement (Spain, Greece, and Portugal), Improvement of the EU institutions: Parliament: cooperation procedure, Council: qualified major voting  Early 1990s – improvement of EU institutions: Parliament co-decision procedure, Committee of the regions, Northern enlargement  2004 (10 states) and 2007 (2 more) – eastern enlargement, Constitutional and Lisbon Treaties o 2004 – Poland, Hungary, Czech, Slovakia, Estonia, Etonia, Utonia, Malta, Cyprus o 2007 – Romania and Bulgaria o *Germany pushed for all of the enlargements – it had economic interest German Unification  1990 – end of the cold war, German unification a possible option  Yet neighbouring countries and particularly their citizens strongly opposed (remembered all the horrible situations
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