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Livy, Book 1 (Assigned reading) This is a summary of each paragraph on the accounts of Livy's recordings in his first book. Every paragraph condensed. It is actually interesting to read! Book 1 focuses on the rise of monarchy and the kings that ruled R

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Department
History
Course Code
HIST 2100
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Ben Kelly

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Preface: Livy says: whether or not his desire to study roman history will reward him, Livy, like many other writers, writes in hopes of surpassing their predecessor in style, narrative and ability. Even is his writing is shadowed, he will console himself by saying he went up against the best. Readers may think my histories as boring, and wish I hurry to modern day issues. He will do everything he can to discover the truth and cover his eyes to modern day distractions. Whether or not previous texts on roman history are truthful or not he will not judge. He writes in hopes that his readers will focus on the morals of the community, the men and qualities of domestic policy and how it degrades. History is a good subject to look into as it allows generations to learn and imitate what is good or bad. Especially the greed and luxury in humans, who only coveted if it benefits them. However, we should focus on the good more than the bad. Book 1: [1.1] the tale of two men and how they came to Troy. First of the men was Antenor who, with the combined forces of the Trojans and the Enetians defeated Euganei and took over their land. The land came to be known as Troy, while the surrounding district was called Venti. Second, Aeneas came to Troy with his armed forced from Macedonia, Sicily and Laurentian after conquest. In troy he and his men raided communities. Of one of the territories Aeneas entered was the home of Latinus. A conference was held between the two men and an alliance was made to prevent war and to form a friendship. Aeneas was given the hand of Latinuss daughter where he built a town that he named after his wife. The gave birth to a son, Ascanius. [1.2] War occurred between the Trojans and the Aborigines against Turnus, king of the Rutulians. The war broke out after the betrothed Lavina who was initially betrothed to him was given to Aeneas instead. Turnus lost and Latinus died in battle. The Rutulians joined forces with Estruscan king, Mezentius who wished to stop the Trojans rapid growing powers. Aeneas fused the Aborigines and the Trojans as one nation called Latin to encourage common identity; prevent the Aborigines from abandoning them. Aeneas took his men into battle against Etruria where he was killed. He was given the name of Jupiter Indiges. [1.3] Ascanius was not old enough to take over but his throne was secured throughout his life until that day. During this time, his mother, Lavinia made sure the Latin state was left unimpaired for her son. The city of Lavinium, where they lived, was so prominent that even after the death of Aeneas, reign of Lavinia and the immature years if Ascaniuss reign, no neighbour attacked them. The river Tiber was the line of division between Latin and the Etruscans. Ascanius was succeeded by his son Silvius. The reign of the town was hereditary. Silvius was a common name given to the king(s) who ruled at the time. The father-son and seniority crumbled when Amulius seized the crown of his elder brother who he exiled, killed his nephew and forced his niece into priesthood (Vestal virgin). [1.4] The Vestal virgin was sexually assaulted where she gave birth to twins who she said the father was Mars (God); truth behind this is questionable. The king sent her to prison and the twins were order to be thrown into the river. Believing that they had carried out the kings wishes, left the babies in the water which was heaven-sent to be stagnant. However, the water did not carry them to the main channel (to be drowned) and instead a she-wolf, Larentia and her husband Faustalus rescued them. The boys grew up and became pastors; hunted as their hobby. [1.5] Lupercalia was a festival held on the palatium hill. Evander introduced this festival. Boys ran around nude for sport in honour of Lycaean Pan. During the festival, two brothers, Romulus and Remus were ambushed; Romulus defended himself while Remus was captured and handed over to Numitor for punishment. Faustalus, the man who raised the twin boys, told Romulus that he believed that they were royalty (by birth), in which Numitor came to the same conclusion too. Amulius and Romuluss men declared war and Amulius was killed. [1.6] Numitor announced to the council of what happened. The twins resumed their position as royalty and their grandfather, Numitor assumed the position of King (by popular demand). The twins wished to build a city but problems arose when trying to name the place and who would rule it, so, they consulted the gods. Romulus got Palatine and Remus for Aventine. [1.7] Bad omens arose for both brothers that led to a bloodshed and too Remuss life. The city was named by him, Romulus, as its founder. He built his city in which Hercules was a sole deity that he looked up to (tales of Hercules). [1.8] Romulus established laws. He gave power to 12 lictors; 12 for the number of hawks in told in prophesy or taken from Etruria and 100 senators (aka Patres and their descendants Patricians). Fortified the walls, population grew. [1.9] the roman states existence was threatened with the lack of females to produce offspring so Romulus asked neighbouring nations for alliance and the right to intermarry with their nation. They decision to do so was refused so Romulus threw a celebration called the Consualia that grabbed the attention of neighbours into the new city, which had rapidly grown. The romans took this chance to grab a hold of the women. Women and neighbours were angered by the purpose for the festival, but soon reconciled. [1.10] the women had reconciled but the parents were still not happy with the outcomes so they gained help from Tatius, king of Sabines. Impatient of the slow movements made by Tatius, Caenina, Crustumerium and Antemnae took matters into their own hands. Caenina was the first to attack but their efforts were futile and their king was slaughtered. Romulus dedicated his winnings to the temple of Jupiter, the first temple dedicated in Rome. Many wars waged on but the offerings to the temple only occurred twice. [1.11] Antemnates attacked Rome also but lost to Romulus. His wife, Hersilia suggested that he give citizenship to the womens families to increase unity and strength, to which he agreed. Crustuminiansefforts were futile; many of the maidens families migrated to Rome. Sabines was the most serious of all. Tatius, of Sabines killed Tarpeiuss daughter and took claim of Romes citadel. [1.12] Mettius Curtius (Sabinian) and Hostius Hostilius (Roman) engaged in a 1-1 battle for the claim of the citadel. Hostilius lost and the roman line retreated. Romulus asks Jupiter for help, and as if he believed his prayer was heard, he reassembled his army. As Mettius stood before the romans, insulting them, Romulus charged at him. His courage encouraged his army to follow, as Mettius retreated, he fell from his horse. Mettius did successfully get back to the citadel but the battle between the two nations did break out; Rome was showing more dominance. [1.13] weary of the war, the Sabine women ran into the middle of the battlefield to knock some sense into their fathers of one side, and husband of the other:If you are weary of these ties of kindred, these marriage-bonds, then turn your anger upon us; it is we who are the cause of the war, it is we who have wounded and slain our husbands and fathers. Better for us to perish rather than live without one or the other of you, as widows or as orphans." A treaty was made. Tatius and Romulus ruled with perfect harmony as kings. [1.14] king Tatius began to show hostility towards the Laurentines who tried to seek help but it was useless. Tatius took matters into his own hands to punish the rebels but was killed. Romulus was unaffected by the event either because he was glad to end the joint ruling or he believe Tatius got what he deserved. Romulus renewed a treaty between Rome and the Laurentines of Lavinium. Fearful of the growing power of Rome, Fidenae declared war. Romulus set for Fidenae, an ambush
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