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[HIST 2150] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes fot the exam (30 pages long!)Premium

30 pages64 viewsWinter 2017

Department
History
Course Code
HIST 2150
Professor
Kate Cooper
Study Guide
Final

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York
HIST 2150
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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HIST 2150 01.09.17
Last term
Early days of development of archaeology to think about famous
Greek/Roman finds and how archaeology was developing at that time
Through the 19th and 20th centuries, we started with the idea of people
wanting to arrange things in order, developing typologies
o Stone, bronze, Iron Age
o Winckelmann
Urge to find the famous locations mentioned in classic literature
o Schliemann/Troy
o Pliny the Younger/Pompeii
Concern with establishing when things happened, what they looked like;
method of digging that establishes chronology
o Stratification
Thinking about how modern/contemporary events was effecting what
they were looking for, finding, how they were interpreting it
o Unification of Italy, 1860s
o Greek Independence
o Crete Independence; allowed Evans to excavate
This is the situation until the end of the 19th century, but in the early
20th centuries, the questions asked are different
o Schliemann asks where was Troy, when did these things happen
o Arthur Evans and Knossos, there are different questions
occurring because there was no text to go off of; he created his
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2
own from the finds he was uncovering; not just thinking about
where and when but also how and why
o The beginning of the movement that takes off in the 60s,
established in the middle of the 20th century questioning how
things came about, not just describing
The cause of this change in questioning was World War Two
o Social orders were questioned, revised; the way people were
working was thought about more in depth, traditional values
were questioned
o Archaeology is affected by society and the events occurring in
that society
1960s self-conscious movement of new/processual archaeology
o Beginning to question how and why, rather than just describe;
what you see on the ground will tell you about society and
ou’e tig to ok it out
o Evans was starting to do this because he was starting from
scratch with his Minoan civilization
o The beginning of theory in archaeology
Incorporation of other theories and disciplines applied to archaeology,
looking to anthropology, chemistry, physics to understand archaeology;
tig to ake odels that ight pedit o eplai hat ou’e fidig
This movement came late to classical archaeology, people working in
ahaeolog did’t ae aout theo eause the had tets to go o,
the did’t uestio ho the aiet people thought eause the ke
from literature
o Pliny describes reactions of Vesuvius so e do’t eed to
attempt to understand that aspect
o Bronze Age/early Iron Age people wanted to understand
eause the did’t hae otepoa tets
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