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Final

World War I These notes review possible exam questions (involving the Currie Libel trail) for the final exam, Canada's involvement in WWI, along with various acts and movements which took place during and after the war.


Department
History
Course Code
HIST 2500
Professor
William Wicken
Study Guide
Final

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World War I
Is a turning point in history (population and border fluctuations)
oIt’s about the people who return (disfigured)
oMedical practices become common in wars following WWI (soldiers are
treated for their wounds)
oLast day last hour: is a civil trail about sir Arthur Currie
oIt talks about WWI, the law and the nature of the law in the 1920s
Possible exam Questions
oWas Currie guilty of sending his troops to a needless death?
oWhat does the trail reflect about the nature of the law in the 1920s?
oHow does the law of hearsay enter into the trial?
oWhat does the trial reflect about societal attitudes towards WWI in the
1920s?
11 November 1918
Attack on Mons, Belgium
oThe war ends on the 11th month of the 11th day at the 11th hour
oThe battle occurred just before that
Sir Arthur Currie
oThere were 7 charges placed against him for his actions
oDecides he needs to launch a law suit on Preston and Wilson’s editorial
(after copy was sent to him)
Criminal trial: he had to demonstrate what they wrote was
incorrect (not true);
Civil trial; reasonable doubt does not exist (whereby the jury can
vote to revoke a lawsuit: if they believed it wasn’t true)
Was more likely to win in this situation
o Currie believed it had been created to discredit him

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

oThe reason why he doesn’t charge a criminal trial because he would
have no control
A lawyer from the government would run the trail (no control)
The difference between a civil and criminal trial is that a criminal
requires proof
Ceremony: 12 June 1927
oWhereby a plaque was created in their honour
Port Hope Evening Guide, 13 June 1927
oFredrick Wilson and Preston published an account on what happened
oPreston wrote an editorial about how the only reason why the battle
was occurred was for the honour of the Canadians (mainly the
commander in chiefs)
Goes on explaining how it was the soldiers who had given up
their lives
Port Hope Evening Guide =newspaper company
The Commander in Chief conceived the mad idea that it would be a fine thing
to say that the Canadians had fired the last shot of the Great War.’
‘The men were sent on in front to charge the enemy. Headquarters, with
conspicuous bravery, brought up the rear.’
‘Canadian valor won Mons but it was by such a shocking waste of human life
that it is a eternal disgrace to the Headquarters that directed operations.’
The Narrative
August 1914 to November 11, 1918
oStarts the assassination of Franz Ferdinand by Serbians, which leads to
the declaration of war onto Serbia, whereby Russia (who’s ally is
France)
oThere was a armrace: modernization of armies
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire (Turkey): axis
France (includes all its colonies), Russia, Great Britain (which includes all of
its colonies; India, Australia, Africa and Canada) and Italy: Allies

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

oAll of Canada’s forces join the British forces and are commanded by
the British
oIt wasn’t until 1917 that a Canadian had taken command over
Canadian troops
oIran is important; for Britain’s modern fleet required oil (more efficient
than coal); ship went faster
Eastern Front
Southern Front
oAfrica (southern/eastern areas)
Western front
oIs where the Canadians had fought
oAugust 1914: Germany invades Belgium; in an attempt to bypass
French defences
Following this event the war grinds to a halt
Lead to two stationary fronts (trenches)
Forces nations to mobilize all their citizens and resources to fight
War industrializes killing
New technologies/innovations
oFactories/mass production industries at a mass scale (guns/equipment)
oArtillery: which launched a barrage from far distances (Gas warfare;
chemical weapons)
oMachine guns; leads to the stalemate of the fronts (600 bullets a
minute); this countered modern strategies (direct charges)
oAirplanes: used for recognisance and bombing (in later stages of war;
because they are too light)
oTank: Appeared in 1917; used to break through emplacements and
protect soldiers (during charges)
oChemical weapons: was dependent on weather (where the wind is
blowing); mustard gas
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