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HIST 3580 (1)

HIST 3580 Exam Study Guide

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HIST 3580
Jennifer Stephen

HIST 3580 Final Exam Study Guide Short Answers (Answer 5 of 7 Choices Given) Essay (Answer 2 of 4 or 5 Choices Given) Concrete Examples (general terms and phrases), Identify Historians by NAME (arguments and ideas), Central thesis and research question. Themes/Short Answers: Great Migration Era, Canada and the Cold War, Quebec's Place in Canada, Phases of Contact, Regionalism/Federalism, Social Engineering/Social Reform, Relief and Internment Camps. Themes/Essay Questions: Nation-building/National History, Women/Work/War, Post-war Canada/Cold War Canada, Making an immigrant society, Native/newcomer relations, forming the postwar welfare state.  Mass Migration Era, Vancouver Riot, Great Depression, Relief Camps, Internment Camps  National Policy  Boer War (pax Britannica, pax Christi, Muscular Christianity)  Quiet Revolution  Vancouver Riots: Orientalism, Indentured Servants, Head Tax, Chain Migration, Bachelor Culture, Sojourners, "Continuous Journey" clause, un-preferred and preferred immigrants  Canada's Indian Policy: European contact (phases of contact), White Settler Scoiety, Residential Schools, the Farm Colony plan, Shingwauk's Vision.  Assimilation ("kill the Indian in the child"): to civilize ("back to the blanket")  Indian Act, Royal Proclamation 1763, British North America Act 1867.  The cult of the teenager, counterculture, baby boom, moving to the Suburbs!, domestic masculinity, the post-war family, reproductive consensus, Atlantic Fordism.  Quebec's Place in Canada, "Vive le Quebec libre!", The Quiet Revolution, 'Two-founding nations' thesis, Trembley Commission.  Canada & the Cold War, The Gouzenko Affair, Quiet diplomacy (Canada as a Middle Power), National security state, Massey Commission, Suez Crisis, Korean War. McKillop, “Who Killed Canadian History?”: National History vs People‟s History Goutor, “Constructing the Great Menance”: Causes of Anti-Asian sentiments by laborers. Economics versus Laborers. Unique concern for labor. Chong, The Concubine’s Children: Biographical account of the Asian laborer‟s plight and struggles in the New World. Vernon, “The First Black Prairie Novel”: Describes autobiography of aboriginal Canadian settling in the prairies. Discrimination of aboriginals and African-Americans. Longlance. Kitzan, “Preaching Purity in the Promised Land”: Bishop Llyod‟s crusade against immigration and the organization of nativism on the Canadian prairies. Carter, “Demonstrating Success”: Aboriginal assimilation in the Fire Hills Colony. An example of cultural colonialism model to the outside world. Milloy, “Indian Act Colonialism”: nation-building and imperial responsibility of aboriginals. Coates, “Writing First Nations into Canadian History”: Post-war interest of historians into Aboriginal Canadian history. Different viewpoint and focus of history from aboriginals. Rutherdale, Women and the White Man’s God: Various accounts of female European Christian and Catholic missionaries in North America sharing views on the Christianization of aboriginals. Cook, “The Madman and the Butcher”: Canada‟s participation in the First World War under the imperial obligations of Great Britain. Keshen, “All the News That Was to Fit to Print”: Ernest J. Chambers and controlling information in Canada. The pacification of the public, nation-state interest, and national history- building. Kealey, “State Repression of Labor and the Left in Canada”: Rise of labor organizations due to the economic inflation of living standards and the Russian Revolution after the war. Draws upon the Winnipeg General Strike as the living example of major labor unrest in the twentieth century. Humphries, “War‟s Long Shadow”: rise of Canada‟s welfare state for war veterans. Masculinity. Purdy, “Building Homes, Building Citizens”: common national character in Canada. Also mentioned various housing reforms in the early decades of the twentieth century. Myers, “Embodying Delinquency”: Juvenile justice and sexual policing of children to follow desired standards. Deviances often blamed upon poor parenting and homosexuality. Korneski, “The Prairie Fire”: Overview of the Winnipeg General Strike and laborer grievances. Manley, “Starve or Be Damned”: Struggles of the urban unemployed and the rise of communism in Canada. Hobbs, “Equality and Difference”: Rise of feminism in Canada since the end of World War I. Stresses importance of female autonomy in domesticity. Foster & Read, “The Politics of Opportunitism”: The Bennett Administration and the New Deal of Canada during the Great Depression. Abella & Troper, “The line must be drawn somewhere”: Responsibility of Canada toward Jewish refugees fleeing Nazi Germany. Henshaw, “The Dieppe Raid”: Canadian forces during the Second World War used as extras by the British imperial power and the formation of a growing national identity in Canada. Granatstein & Cuff, “The Hyde Park Declaration”: Economic agreement between Canada and the United States during World War II. Stephen, “Balancing Equality for the Post-War women”: Conflict between Canada‟s obligation to prevent another mass unemployment crisis and economic depression while balancing the charter rights of citizens, both men and women. Marshall, “The Language of Children‟s Rights”: continued development of Canada‟s welfare state and conflict with parental decisions factoring in children‟s schooling needs. Thorn, “Healthy Activity and Worthwhile Ideas”: Tackling juvenile delinquency in postwar Canada. Right and Left politics of the Cold War. Stephen, “The “Incorrigible,” the “Bad,” and the “Immoral”: Factory girls of World War II and the examination of psychiatric clinics on these girls in postwar society. Gleason, “Psychology and the Construction of the „Normal‟ Family in Postwar Canada”: mass consumption of expert psychologists and its shaping of the idealized, postwar, normal family. Webb, “Constructing Community and Consumers”: Joseph Smallwood and Newfoundland. Joey Smallwood: Newfoundland and referendum that decided confederation with Canada. Isitt, “Confronting the Cold War”: Vancouver Convention of 1950 and the creation of the commonwealth of nations. Influenced by Cold War politics and anti-communist rhetoric. Kinsman, “Constructing Gay Men and Lesbians as National Security Risks”: national security and preservation of a “straight” society in Canadian postwar culture. Viewed as communists. Strong-Boag, “Home Dreams”: Female domestic sphere in postwar growth of suburbia. Proliferation of American influence and mass culture. Rutherdale, “Fatherhood, Masculinity, and the Good Life during Canada‟s Baby Boom”: Establishment of fatherhood in postwar Canadian society. Stable job and masculinity at play. Owram, Born at the Right Time: Various themes during postwar Canadian society involving the growth of the Baby Boomer generation and rise of Generation X in the workforce. Cook, The Teeth of Time: Biography of Prime Minister Pierre Elliot Trudeau and his role in the mediation of English and French Canadas. Moray, “Wilderness, Modernity, and Aboriginality in the Paintings of Emily Carr”: The rise of the Group of Seven and development of a Canadian identity in culture and art. Woodcock, “The Meeting of the Muses”: Canadian literature and Canadian national identity. Earle, “Hockey as Canadian Popular Culture”: Canada‟s National Sport and its international identity in sporting matches with the international community. Dorrell, “From Reconciliation to Reconciling”: Apology by the Canadian government and the Residential School System. Changes in the landscape of Canadian politics and society. HIST 3580 Test Review: Two Questions (Short Answers) Theme: Immigration to Canada during the early 20 century. The Concubine’s Children: The Story of a Family Living on Two Sides of the Globe by Denise Chong.  “Gold Mountain”: A place where money could be earned (Pacific coasts of Canada and USA) for Chinese workers. Gold mining or the Canadian Pacific Railway construction.  The custom of Chinese male sojourner society earning money abroad while sending the earnings back home to families, relatives, and villages. The sojourner society ensures that Chinese men working abroad will provide a comfortable lifestyle for their families at home in China. Chinese workers returning to China from “Gold Mountain” was considered to a sign of returning honor to the family.  Chinese customs found it common to have a wife and many mistresses to symbolize wealth and honor of the family. Giving birth to a son was considered more as a symbol of healthy fertility by the female. This custom was to be kept intact even after the process of immigration/sojourning to Canada.  Chinese women in Confucian society married off to Chinese workers either as wives or concubines abroad lacked any autonomy to have a say in these arrangements.  Western intolerance of Asian immigration in US and Canada attempted to stem the flow by levying taxes and barring them from naturalization or gaining employment in public works: Chinese Exclusion Act (1882, US) and Chinese Immigration Act (1923, Canada).  Chinatowns and the Canadian Chinese Benevolent Association both played an important role for Chinese migrants and “settlers” to naturalize in the hostile social environment of North America.  Employers considered Oriental workers as “coolies” or cheap laborers and encouraged their migration to work in dangerous and often extremely hazardous jobs.  Returning sojourners sought to purchase lands for building houses with the funds the workers received abroad. Migration between East and West became considerably difficult for sojourners by the late 1920s and o
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