HREQ 1920 Final Exam Review
Terms & Concepts
Define and explain the significance in the context of the course
> is a sociological term, coined by Stanley Cohen, meaning a reaction by a group of
people based on the false or exaggerated perception that some cultural behavior or
group, frequently a minority group or a subculture, is dangerously deviant and poses a
menace to society.
> "defined as a threat to societal values and interests."
> Characterization of the group reaction as a moral panic requires a presumption that
the group's perceptions are unfounded or exaggerated.
These reactions are often fueled by media coverage or propaganda around a social
issue, although semi-spontaneous moral panics do occur.
moral panic = expressed as outrage rather than fear.
> revolve around a perceived threat to a value or norm held by a society normally
stimulated by glorification within the mass media or 'folk legend' within societies.
> Panics have a number of outcomes, with one being the certification to the players
within the panic that what they are doing appears to warrant observation by mass
media and therefore may push them further into the activities that led to the original
feeling of moral panic
- youth are “out of control”
news-criminalsyoung black/brown men
Fact white men commit more crime but brown and black men are put in
jail for a long time than white men
Fear of fantasy “black men are dangerous
o Pathology determined this
Poverty mixed with the desire is lethal
o Desire is unfulfilling
Opportunity is limited hard to find as a young man
what links trans identities together is their rejection of a normative experience
of sex/gender and biology.
Trans is a broad term that includes a wide variety of identifications.
Some of which are gender queer, transgender, transsexual, and gender
variant identities. Each of these categories—gender queer/gender variant,
TS, TG have a number of identities that they describe, but people may also
simply identify with the category itself. Trans also includes more specific
identities, beyond these broader categories, such as cross dressers, drag
kings and queens, butch lesbians, androgynes—just to name a few. there are
many, many different identities going on under this umbrella of trans and that
a single individual may identify with more than one of these identities or
i.e. transgender, trans sexual Cultural Capital
Cultural Capital: any advantages that a person has which give them a
higher status in society, including high expectations (forms of
knowledge, skill, or education).
Significance: cultural capital further divides equality of people. It helps a
person to succeed easily or with great difficulty, as the more capital you
have the more likely you will be prosperous in society.
> parents provide children with cultural capital, the attitudes and knowledge that
makes the educational system a comfortable familiar place in which they can succeed
>cultural capital can be gained
>hidden curriculum comes into play (based on cultural capital, how does one know
how to behave)
is a French term coined by psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan which translated
means "enjoyment" and is contrasted with plaisir. In every sense of the word
it is whatever "gets you off". Something that gives the subject a way out of its
normative subjectivity through transcendent bliss whether that bliss or
orgasmic rapture be found in texts, films, works of art or sexual spheres;
excess as opposed to utility. Jouissance implies total access, total
participation, total ecstasy – an impossibility. It is a popular term in
postmodernism and queer theory used by Roland Barthes, Jacques Lacan,
Judith Butler, and others
not in the same worldnotion and time collapses and the players have stopped
Orgasmic feelin- barely wait to have that pleasure and “shakey” feeling
o Have sex- reaching orgasmic state of anticipation
The end is the moment that fades
o Anticipation of something we cannot sustain
Joussance relates to the story of Reena Verke
Foster home, poor, disenfranchised, racialized
No sense of belonging
Jouissance: French term coined by psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan which
translated means enjoyment. It means whatever “gets you off”.
Significance: performativity in relation to gender suggests that gender can be
rejected, subverted, and played with. It is neither fixed nor natural
Heteronormative is the reinforcement of certain viewpoints by many social institutions and social
policies. These viewpoints include the idea that human beings fall into two distinct