2013 Test 1 Qs with Answer Key.doc

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Human Rights and Equity Studies
HREQ 1930
Saeed Hederalli

TEST 1 Please answer the following questions as thoroughly as you can, using examples, when asked for or when appropriate, to support or illustrate your answers. Short Answer Questions: 1. Please explain the concept of medicalization. [3 marks] Answer: Where more and greater areas of our lives and bodies are given over to medical intervention and authority. For instance, pregnancy and child birth. 2. Describe why, according to Durkheim, Protestants are more susceptible to suicide than Catholics? What name does he give to the type of suicide exhibited by Protestants? [5 marks]. Answer: • Doubt and uncertainty are a feature of the Protestant community of followers (as opposed to the certainty of Catholicism). • Doubt and uncertainty makes for internal divisions. • The individual/individuality assumes a greater prominence in group life. • So if Protestantism concedes a greater freedom to individual thought than Catholicism, it is because it has fewer common beliefs and practices. • Social integration, and the support Protestantism provides, wanes. • The superiority of Protestantism with respect to suicide (i.e. the higher rates of suicide among Protestants) results from its being a less strongly integrated church than the Catholic church. 3. Please explain the difference between the concepts absolute poverty and relative poverty, and the different ways in which they impact population health. [4 marks] Answer: Absolute poverty is a gross deficiency in basic living conditions such as food, housing, recreation and other life amenities and resources. Chronic stress is also a feature of absolute poverty. Relative poverty has to do with one’s socio-economic position in relation to the group. While absolute poverty results in poor health due to severely limited access to resources (for example, malnutrition, poor housing, etc), relative poverty is more of a psychological hardship tied to feelings of inadequacy and envy in relation to those who are more privileged. Relative poverty is a function of economic inequality. 4. Identify and discuss four variables (reasons) as to why women tend to be more susceptible to HIV/AIDS infections. [6 marks] Answer: While biology plays a role in higher rates of infection amongst women (reproductive tract infections; tears in genital tract during intercourse), GRP plays an even bigger role. • Women, in many situations, lack power and economic independence to negotiate safe sex and insist on condom use. • Especially, when sex is being exchanged for material benefit. • Abused women in a cycle of violence, drug abuse and unwanted sex. • Double standards in relation to promiscuity whereby it’s encouraged amongst men. • Women are stigmatized for knowing about and demanding the practice of safe sex. 5. According to the documentary, “The ‘F’ Word: Who Wants to be a Feminist?,” what is the largest, and most unrecognized, sector in any economy? How is that sector linked to the concept of the “double shift”? [2 marks] Answer: Unpaid work (in the home). Because women are still largely responsible for unpaid work in the home even when they work full-time outside the home, they are then burdened with a “double shift”. 6. True or False. According to the lectures and the course text, good health care is sufficient for a healthy population. Please explain. [3 marks] Answer: False. Good health care is only one of the social determinants for a healthy population. It is possible to have good health care and still have
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