Exam Review 1930

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Human Rights and Equity Studies
HREQ 1930
Merle Jacobs

Critical Thinking:  Helps you evaluate and reason  Its actively and conceptually applying info we gather, observe or experience as a guide to belief and action  Based on intellectual values that transcend such as clarity, depth, accuracy, and precision.  To have clarity and persistency  Really about your ability to as ask and answer questions at appropriate times  To think open mindedly, and the desire to use the critical questions.  To identify key elements such as ambiguity, vagueness, irony, generalization. The sociological imagination:  Enables us to grasp the connection between history and biography (Mills wants us to connect those together)  To produce an understanding of knowledge about human exprience that recognizes both the individual experience and places them into a larger context.  Enables you to understand historical scene. You must look at individuals experience… family history + history in community  Enables one to take into account how individuals often become falsely conscious of their own social position. Interesectionality/Oppession:  Intersectionality refers to “intersectional oppression”  Looks at the intersect of questions  Said to arise out of combination of various oppressions which produce something unique and distinct  Oppression is when people are discriminated against bc of their individual location  Individual or Social location is where we are situated in relation to members of other groups. (disabilities)  We can’t universally assume all equity seeking groups share life experiences in common because of their minority status  We may assume our daily life is the same as everyone else but in order to understand social location, you have to know where the individual is situated to other members of social group.  Macro sociology: looks at big picture  Micro sociology: small scale patterns of human interaction and behavior within specific settings  Reference Group- signifies group whose perspective is used ex. Church, school, family you go to (We are who we are because of the references that we accumulate) Health/Equity:  Health is a social and biological issue  Health is socially constructed within society  United Nations article  everyone has a right to a standard of living for health and well being of themselves and their families  The principles of health are outside of our medical system 1  Canada has rich history of social determinants of what we think other peoples rights should be therefore the 12 determinants of health points to the issue of equity (Who gets it? Who Doesn’t?)  Equity is the quality of being equal or fair, the recognition that peoples needs differ  If we think of social health problems, those in the majority of power would view it as undesirable  Not all societal issues get elevated to issues of concern  Social problems are constructed by power and society  Issues of health pass by because no one really cares…example: if our class has a problem, but our community doesn’t see it as a problem, it doesn’t become one Marx, Weber, and Durkheim:  Marx:  Theories of social determinism  How social factors affect our ideas  Lens, how we see the world… forces and movement that work within social environment  Influenced the way we think about historical change  Does our society really have a voice? Understanding of economics and the idea of class struggles  Freedom of society we must analyze the ideas of capitalism  Looked at structure of class and the inequality of class based on social development  Didn’t look at individual differences  Weber:  Used organization model characterized by a hierarchy of authority  Concerned with connections between religion and economic moralities  Formal rules and procedures  Sees church as a capitalistic place  Looked at the meaning of something by what he saw  His notion of class position isn’t as fixed as Marx  Added dimensions of social status (status is a social honor)  Highlighted the importance of meaning and consciousness in understanding social action.  Durkheim:  Thinks we should focus on social facts and reality  Looks at social solidarity  Doesn’t see social class as main determinant  Argued that suicide rates change in social currents because of changes in collective conscious  Egoistic suicide: selfish act  Altruistic suicide: not reported 2  Anomic suicide: breakdown of social equilibrium  Fatalistic Suicide: overregulation of society (a slave committing suicide)  Suicide rates are higher in broken families Conflict Theory  Concerned in making a realistic analysis possible of society  Category for social class is viewed in terms of power and status structures and locations for conflict Feminist Theory:  Patriarchy: males dominate females  Encompasses the totality of structures of Domination and Exploitation that affect women's position in society  Social institutions have been characterized by male dominance (economy, family, religion)  Feminist theory: Strong trend, women of color agree they may share the feminist experience in a sexist society  Women of color compared to white women were politically invisible  Bell Hooks: critically interrogates the way images are constructed using her own understanding of what It is to be a black woman. She believes the way sexism and racism has been represented is by various structures of that white supremacist capitalist patriarchy (racism)
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