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greeks terms.docx

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HUMA 1100
Loredana Kun

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Ancient Rome & Greek Terms – FINAL EXAM HUMA 1100 Homer: One of the greatest ancient Greek poets. He was born in the 8 century; he is the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey Venus: or Aphrodite, goddess of love, beauty, and sex. She was mentioned in lots of plays such as Hippolytus by Euripides. Amata: she was mentioned in Virgil's Aeneid. was the wife of King Latinus. When Aeneas asked for her daughter’s hand in marriage, Amata opposed him because she had already promised Lavinia to Aeneas' nemesis Turnus. Juno: She is a daughter of Saturn and sister (but also the wife) of the chief god Jupiter, she was the protector and special counselor of the state. She was mentioned in Virgil’s Aeneid. Turnus: He was a character in Virgil’s Aenead. A warrior and leader of the Rutuli people, he was the son of King Daunus, he was also the enemy of the hero Aeneas. Jupiter: (Zeus) the father of the Gods and men ; ruler of the heavens’ weapon was thunder and an eagle bore his thunderbolts he was mentioned in lots of plays such as Virgil’s Aeneid. Ascanius: he was a major character in Virgil’s Aeneid. He was the son of the Trojan hero Aeneas, he escaped with his father from Troy after it was burnt by the Greek. Pyrrha: she was mentioned in Ovid’s Metamorphosis. She was the wife of Deucalion; they both survived the flood that was sent by Zeus. Since they were the only two survivors, in answer to their need, the gods told them to throw the bones of their mother behind them as a meaning "throw stones over their shoulders onto Mother Earth," they did so, and the stones they threw became men and women. Seneca: 4BC-65AD, a roman stoic philosopher, statesman and dramatist. He was a tutor to the future emperor Nero. Seneca was ordered by Nero to kill himself after the illegal involvement in a coup. And he was the author of Thyestes. Thyestes: a play by Seneca, 62 BC, the story of Arteus and Thyestes who were exiled by their father for having murdered their half-brother, in their desire for the throne of Olympia. Apollo: son of Zeus and Leto; God of prophecy, healing and music; patron of archery, music and medicine. Daphne: she was mentioned in Ovid’s metamorphosis. she was the beautiful daughter of a river god. Cupid caused Apollo to fall in love with Daphne, but She refused all lovers and fled; so the God Apollo turned her into a laurel tree. Tantalus: he was mentioned in Ovid’s metamorphosis. He was the son of Zeus, famous for his eternal punishment in Tartarus: to stand in a pool of water beneath a fruit tree with low branches, with the fruit always eluding his grasp, and the water always receding before he could take a drink. Ovid: He was born in 43 BC; he is one of the most important roman poets. He is well known for the Metamorphosis. Pietas: it was mentioned in Virgil’s Aeneid, it was one of the most important aspects of demonstrating virtue. Dido: she was mentioned in Virgil’s Aeneid. She was the founder and queen of Carthage, a city on the northern coast of Africa. She was the daughter of Belus. She was best known for her love affair with the Trojan hero Aeneas. Calypso: she was a character in Homer’s Odyssey; she lived on an Island that called Ogygia. She detained Odysseus for several years on her island, but Zeus sent her Hermes to tell her to set Odysseus free. Cyclops: he was a giant with a single eye in the middle of his forehead in Homer’s Odyssey; he was the son of Poseidon. He ate one of Odysseus’ crew when he found them in his cave, but Odysseus and his men blinded him while he is a sleep and escaped. Plutarch: he was born in 46 AD, was a Greek historian and biographer. He wrote the” Advice to the Bride and Groom” The Twelve Tables: were writing tablets that contained the Romans' earliest attempt to create a code of law in order to protect the civil rights of the privileged patricians and the commoners. Caunus: he was a character in Ovid’s Metamorphosis. He was the brother of Byblis. His sister fell in love with him. He chose to flee from hom
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