Ancient Rome & Greek Terms – FINAL EXAM
Homer: One of the greatest ancient Greek poets. He was born in the 8 century; he is the author
of the Iliad and the Odyssey
Venus: or Aphrodite, goddess of love, beauty, and sex. She was mentioned in lots of plays such
as Hippolytus by Euripides.
Amata: she was mentioned in Virgil's Aeneid. was the wife of King Latinus. When Aeneas
asked for her daughter’s hand in marriage, Amata opposed him because she had already
promised Lavinia to Aeneas' nemesis Turnus.
Juno: She is a daughter of Saturn and sister (but also the wife) of the chief god Jupiter, she was
the protector and special counselor of the state. She was mentioned in Virgil’s Aeneid.
Turnus: He was a character in Virgil’s Aenead. A warrior and leader of the Rutuli people, he
was the son of King Daunus, he was also the enemy of the hero Aeneas.
Jupiter: (Zeus) the father of the Gods and men ; ruler of the heavens’ weapon was thunder and
an eagle bore his thunderbolts he was mentioned in lots of plays such as Virgil’s Aeneid.
Ascanius: he was a major character in Virgil’s Aeneid. He was the son of the Trojan
hero Aeneas, he escaped with his father from Troy after it was burnt by the Greek.
Pyrrha: she was mentioned in Ovid’s Metamorphosis. She was the wife of Deucalion; they both
survived the flood that was sent by Zeus. Since they were the only two survivors, in answer to
their need, the gods told them to throw the bones of their mother behind them as a meaning
"throw stones over their shoulders onto Mother Earth," they did so, and the stones they threw
became men and women.
Seneca: 4BC-65AD, a roman stoic philosopher, statesman and dramatist. He was a tutor to the
future emperor Nero. Seneca was ordered by Nero to kill himself after the illegal involvement in
a coup. And he was the author of Thyestes.
Thyestes: a play by Seneca, 62 BC, the story of Arteus and Thyestes who were exiled by their
father for having murdered their half-brother, in their desire for the throne of Olympia.
Apollo: son of Zeus and Leto; God of prophecy, healing and music; patron of archery, music and
Daphne: she was mentioned in Ovid’s metamorphosis. she was the beautiful daughter of a river
god. Cupid caused Apollo to fall in love with Daphne, but She refused all lovers and fled; so the
God Apollo turned her into a laurel tree. Tantalus: he was mentioned in Ovid’s metamorphosis. He was the son of Zeus, famous for his
eternal punishment in Tartarus: to stand in a pool of water beneath a fruit tree with low branches,
with the fruit always eluding his grasp, and the water always receding before he could take a
Ovid: He was born in 43 BC; he is one of the most important roman poets. He is well
known for the Metamorphosis.
Pietas: it was mentioned in Virgil’s Aeneid, it was one of the most important aspects of
Dido: she was mentioned in Virgil’s Aeneid. She was the founder and queen of Carthage, a city
on the northern coast of Africa. She was the daughter of Belus. She was best known for her love
affair with the Trojan hero Aeneas.
Calypso: she was a character in Homer’s Odyssey; she lived on an Island that called Ogygia.
She detained Odysseus for several years on her island, but Zeus sent her Hermes to tell her to set
Cyclops: he was a giant with a single eye in the middle of his forehead in Homer’s Odyssey; he
was the son of Poseidon. He ate one of Odysseus’ crew when he found them in his cave, but
Odysseus and his men blinded him while he is a sleep and escaped.
Plutarch: he was born in 46 AD, was a Greek historian and biographer. He wrote the”
Advice to the Bride and Groom”
The Twelve Tables: were writing tablets that contained the Romans' earliest attempt to create a
code of law in order to protect the civil rights of the privileged patricians and the commoners.
Caunus: he was a character in Ovid’s Metamorphosis. He was the brother of Byblis. His sister
fell in love with him. He chose to flee from hom