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HUMA 1105 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Heinrich Schliemann, Satyr Play, Parodos

Course Code
HUMA 1105
Loredana Kun
Study Guide

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Test #1 Review
-what is a myth?
-a traditional story
-verbal communication, speech, story, and plot
-the polysemantic essence of myth:
-didactic: stories will teach you something
-several characteristics of myth:
-tradition: to hand over
-orality: by mouth/speaking
-memorability: to tell oral stories, you have to have a good memory
-social importance: certain social expectations, how to behave, what to say, etc
-various versions of story patterns
-polarization of reality: how can our father give birth to us?
-cultural significance
-built around ritual practices
-offer explanation about things, deities, and moral codes
-divine myth: refers to stories centred on the actions of gods and goddesses
-heroic myth: refer to stories that revolve around the great heroes
-legends: tell an important story about the lives of saints or other remarkable people, with little
regard to documented historical facts
-folktales: capture the imagination, habits, aspirations and dreams of people
-fables: stories that use animal characters that thinly veil human behaviour and situations and
deliver a moral to be learned from
-jokes: stories with a punch line, said with the intent to provoke laughter or amusement
Timeline of Greek History and Language:
-Palaeolithic Period (100,000-10,000 BCE, before common era) - The Old Stone Age
-Neolithic Period (6000-3000 BC) - New Stone Age
-Minoan Period (3000-1500 BC) - Early Bronze Age
-Minoans live on the island in Greece
-population starts growing
-bronze (tin+copper) was introduced, better tools & weapons than stone
-Mycenaean Period (1550-1000 BC) - Late Bronze Age
-Trojan War occurred
-Dark Age (1100-850 BC) - Transition to Iron Age
-we’re in the dark about it, no writing, documents, or architecture
-disorganization, economic failure
-Geometric and Archaic Period (8?750-480 BC) - Redevelopment of overseas trade.
Alphabetic script adapted from Phoenician into Greecian.
-Hesiod’s Theogony, Homer’s Iliad (750 BCE)
-redevelopment of overseas trade
-alphabet was adapted
-Odyssey: 725 BC
-The Classical Period: 480-323 BC
-5th century greek tragedy in Athens
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-roots of ancient Greek democracy
-historiography: historia means ‘history’ and graphein means ‘to write’, the study of the
writing of history
-Herodotus: greek historian known as the father of history
-wrote during the 5th century
-his histories are valued for their charming style and the wealth of information he presents
about ancient Greece
-Diodoros Sikeliotes: Greek historian who lived from CA 90-21 BC
-wrote historical library, a work which collects the history of he world into 40 books
-Pausanias: Greek historian who lived during the second century AD
-John Joachim Winckelmann (1717-1768): published the first history of ancient art entitled
‘History of Ancient Art’ focused on the history of Greek art and included his theories relating to
its fundamental aesthetic principles
-Heinrich Schliemann (1822-1890)
-German self-educated archaeologist discovered ancient Greek sites
-1874: discovered Troy and demonstrated the factual basis of Homer’s epic poems
-along with his colleagues Wilhelm Dorpfeld and Panagiotis Stamatakis, Schliemann came
across historical treasures, such as the fortified palace complex of Mycenae, the Lion gate,
various toms (tholos), a golden death mask and many other interesting findings
. Origins and Timeline of Greek Drama
-2. Staging an ancient Greek play
-3. Parts of Greek Theater
-orchestra: literally ‘dancing space’
-theatron: ‘viewing place’
-skene: ‘tent’, usually decorated as a place or temple behind the stage
-parados: ‘passageways’ (pl. parodoi)
-4. Structure of the Plays
-prologos: opening of the play
-parados: entrance of the chorus
-epeisodion: scene when the characters & chorus talk (pl. epeisodia)
-stasimon: choral ode that the chorus sings while dancing
-exodos: departure of the chorus at the conclusion
-5. Types of Greek Drama
-tragedy: serious plays based on Geek myth; triages “goat” + odious “song”; “goat=song”,
33 tragedies survived
-comedy: funny plays not based on Greek myth, 11 plays survived
-satyr plays: funny plays based on Greek myth, 1 complete satyr play survived
-women weren’t allowed in theatres
-6. The Ancient Tragic Playwrights
-Euripides (c. 484-406) 92 plays; 19 survived
-Aeschylus (c. 525-456) about 80 plays; 7 survived
-Sophocles (c. 496-406) about 120 plays; 7 survived
-all three wrote dark tragedies in 5th century BC*
-Euripides: Medea
-Greek Tragedy presented in Great Dionysian 431 BC
-Agamemnon is the first part of the trilogy known as “The Oresteia”, the only surviving Greek
trilogy, written in 5th century BC**
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