HUMA 1710 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Apocalyptic Literature, Babylonian Captivity, Primeval History
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L3: Introduction to Interpreting the Old Testament
September 27, 2010
1. (10 Marks) What are some differences between the two views of creation given in Genesis
2. (10 marks) Describe some similarites and differences between sumerian/ babylonian
myths and the biblical story in the first chapters of Genesis.
Homework: read Genesis 4-22
Hebrew Bible / Old Testament
Parts being written by ca 1000BCE?
Compiled by ca 600-400 BCE
First extant manuscript: Dead Sea Scrolls (250 BCE- 70 CE)
Book has different order/parts for Jews and for different Christian groups
Islam recognizes same God, Abraham, Moses, Jesus
Many diverse interpretations
Islam came around 600 BC after Christianity
Jews - Jesus is not a messiah, but is a prophet, still waiting for there messiah
Islam- Jesus is a prophet, Mohammed is messiah
Different Genres in Bible
Primeval History: creation myth ,Noah
Cultural History: story of Jewish people: patriarchal fathers, journey to
promised land, conquest, exile return
Laws: dietary regulation, priestly cult, farming
Apocalyptic literature: when will the messiah come?
One Kind of Interpretation: The Literal Approach
Sacred books are the Word of God written by inspired men
Is free from error
To be followed as a spiritual guide
Events described as historically accurate: God created animals (deny
evolution) : first woman were Adam and Eve: flood happened worldwide
Other Interpretive Approaches: Historical and Literacy