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Detailed Lecture 7 Notes and Questions notes from lecture and test question!

Course Code
HUMA 1710
Carol Bigwood
Study Guide

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L7: Hesiod
8:13 PM
November 1, 2010
Test Questions:
1. What doubts surround the authorship of Hesiod?
2. In Hesiod's Theogony, how did Kronos gain dominance?
3. Why did Zeus punish Prometheus?
Lecture five: Hesiod
Homework for next week CK Hera, Poseidon, Demeter article on Greek
Anthropomorphism article on the nature of myth five monolithic theories;
and myths as products of the psyche
Minoan (3300-1200BCE): fluid lines, love of nature, egalitarian, unfortified
`palaces`; artisans, traders
Mycenaeans: Love of battle; hero-cults; fortified cities
Greek “Dark” Age: about 1200 to 750BCE
Drastic population decline;
Loss of writing;
Abandonment of cultic activity and city centers
Migrations of peoples
Communities mostly disorganized
750BCE rediscovery of writing; new pottery
Geometric Style 900-700BCE
Geometric art: note chariots, stick figures, repetition, rhythmic design
Mourning figures (women)
Awakening from “Dark” Ages
Population increase
Greek alphabet: Hesiod and Homer!
More mobility/trade
New interpretations of Mycenaean artifacts, tombs, citadels
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About half Mycenaean gods and goddesses survive (Zeus, Poseidon,
Dionysos, Ares, Hermes, Hera, Artemis, Apollo, Athena
Archaic sculpture
Archaic Art 630-480BCE: Kouros and Kore
Zeus emerging as dominant god
Hesiod’s Works (700BCE?)
Theogony: geneology of gods
Works and Days: agricultural wisdom poetry
“Hesiod” may be a name given to a source of tradition, rather than an
individual poet; an honorific title bound to poetry genre
Why is his work important?
First Known Source for Greek genealogy and cosmogony
Literary value: one of the first examples; personal style; geographic
specificity; poetic conventions;
Historical value: reflect contemporary religious though and practice? How
much is invention?
Who was Hesiod?
Humble shepherd from a little village in Boeotia? But then how did he know
so much?
Personal confessional voice developed by preliterate bards?
“learned from Muses” meaning inspiration? Self-taught? Following
Nine Muses of the Arts (Hesiod’s invention?): Mnemosyne (Memory is
mother of Muses
Inspired by Muses (becomes convention)
Literature: importance of memory
Theogony: genealogy of gods
Shows influence from Babylonian and Hittite: is a Succession Myth,
(Ouranos, Kronos, Zeus)
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