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Age of Reason


Department
Humanities
Course Code
HUMA 2680
Professor
Barbara Lazar

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The Age of Reason:
John Locke (PHILOSPHER)
-1740’s
-challenged Puritan mentality
-he said all kids start as a blank slateblank slate”: tabula rasa
-Puritans say their mind is full of sin and Locke says their mind is clean
-experience is what expresses or changes the mind, by touch, feel, smell, taste
-he says it’s up to the adult to tutor the children, to show them the good from the evil
-he says in order to lead the child one way or the other, they need to develop reason;
cannot talk down to the child
-they should be given something easy and pleasant to read
-talk at their level, positive reinforcement (bribing)…but nothing that could create an
imagination
-1740’s, decade in which English children’s novel and children’s book got underway
-all about human nature
A little pretty Pocket-Book
-Newberry, came out during the era of reasoning
-the idea of, if you’re a good child you’ll be rewarded and if you’re bad you’ll be
punished
-tells the consequences for being bad and the reward for being good
-designed to sell amusement and instruction
-before this there was no book, specifically for kids, like Pilgrim’s promise was written
for amusement and instruction
-with incentive the child will probably make the right choice
-but Newberry did it to make money as well
Rousseau (PHILOSOPHER)
-1712-1778
-birth to 5 years
-sees the child as innately good and pure, that they should feel their way around the world
-Locke invented childhood and Rousseau explained it
-Rousseau focuses on self-discovery and Locke says they should be taught
-Rousseau says there is no corruption in the human heart (5-12 yrs old)
- he says let them develop their own mind after 12 (irrational age)
-puberty; when you start to train child while still allowing them to explore nature, child
begins to be what we see them to be
-the idea of the noble savage, naturaline approach
Romantics
-viewed children as creative imagination, innocent, close to nature
-influenced by ROUSSEAU, cultural movement, imagination is the most important
aspect
www.notesolution.com
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