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The Age of Reason:
John Locke (PHILOSPHER)
-1740’s
-challenged Puritan mentality
-he said all kids start as a blank slateblank slate”: tabula rasa
-Puritans say their mind is full of sin and Locke says their mind is clean
-experience is what expresses or changes the mind, by touch, feel, smell, taste
-he says it’s up to the adult to tutor the children, to show them the good from the evil
-he says in order to lead the child one way or the other, they need to develop reason;
cannot talk down to the child
-they should be given something easy and pleasant to read
-talk at their level, positive reinforcement (bribing)…but nothing that could create an
imagination
-1740’s, decade in which English children’s novel and children’s book got underway
-all about human nature
A little pretty Pocket-Book
-Newberry, came out during the era of reasoning
-the idea of, if you’re a good child you’ll be rewarded and if you’re bad you’ll be
punished
-tells the consequences for being bad and the reward for being good
-designed to sell amusement and instruction
-before this there was no book, specifically for kids, like Pilgrim’s promise was written
for amusement and instruction
-with incentive the child will probably make the right choice
-but Newberry did it to make money as well
Rousseau (PHILOSOPHER)
-1712-1778
-birth to 5 years
-sees the child as innately good and pure, that they should feel their way around the world
-Locke invented childhood and Rousseau explained it
-Rousseau focuses on self-discovery and Locke says they should be taught
-Rousseau says there is no corruption in the human heart (5-12 yrs old)
- he says let them develop their own mind after 12 (irrational age)
-puberty; when you start to train child while still allowing them to explore nature, child
begins to be what we see them to be
-the idea of the noble savage, naturaline approach
Romantics
-viewed children as creative imagination, innocent, close to nature
-influenced by ROUSSEAU, cultural movement, imagination is the most important
aspect
www.notesolution.com
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Document Summary

He said all kids start as a blank slate blank slate : tabula rasa. Puritans say their mind is full of sin and locke says their mind is clean. Experience is what expresses or changes the mind, by touch, feel, smell, taste. He says it"s up to the adult to tutor the children, to show them the good from the evil. He says in order to lead the child one way or the other, they need to develop reason; cannot talk down to the child. They should be given something easy and pleasant to read. Talk at their level, positive reinforcement (bribing) but nothing that could create an imagination. 1740"s, decade in which english children"s novel and children"s book got underway. Newberry, came out during the era of reasoning. The idea of, if you"re a good child you"ll be rewarded and if you"re bad you"ll be punished. Tells the consequences for being bad and the reward for being good.

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