The Hobbit
-his home is a form of his identity, who he is: simplicity and comfort, warmth, safety
-hobbit not part of original world, part of “middle earth”, they were created relatively late
-while marking papers, the sentence:and in a hole came out a hobbit is where Tolkien
says his idea of this story came from
-hobbit came from the world: rabbit and hobglobin
-furry feet, ability to disappear resembles them to rabbits, unadventurous, stays at home a
lot, loves food, lives in a v.confortable landscape
-story of a creature who becomes a hero (he was tricked into becoming a hero)
-the ultimate test of a hero is to descend to hell and come back out again: “very easy to go
into hell, very hard to get out
Younge talks about the idea of a shadow…the downside/opposite to good, but the
shadow cannot be repressed, it is corrupted by the ring, you cannot repress or hide away
from the shadow you must acknowledge it
-Jung looks at how this story can relate to humanity, mankind: he would discuss the
reality thatthe shadow exists in all of, we’re a combination of good and bad
-comapare his journey in the dark of the mountain to when he sees the dragon
-Bilbo is the unconventional type of hero, not associated by strength, physical might, hero
of witt, cunning, tricky kind of hero, stealer, decipher of information
-hobbits become central to his moral vision, they become the centre, it’s the substitution
of the common man as the hero
-he used old English: haeleth
-he used the normal, average man as the savior: the one who can change the future
-the story begins with:there and back again”, this already tells you this is a journey,
you’re going to go and come back again
-the map tells us that we are going to be going on a journey, it makes thissecondary
world” thismiddle earth” seem more real
-Bilbo Baggins, his parents are completely different, there’s the father, a hobbit, very
respectable, has established roots and a reputation, not adventurous, sedentary
-his mother was a fairy, she’s adventurous, rich, outgoing
-Bilbo identifies with the hobbit side more than the fairy side
-Gandolf brings the adventure to Bilbo, he kicks Bilbo out of the house and brought the
Took side of the family to persuade Bilbo to go on the journey
-Bettleheim would say that you are trying to repress the Took side in you
-Jung would say, he has both sides, it just so happens that one in more prominent than the
-Bilbo falls into every adventure, does not purposely undertake them, he’s an opportunist:
big round hands
UNLIKELY HERO, but Bilbo made the promise to finish the journey, so he must
finish it
-through the story we see the change of the individual, the evolution of the character
-the pattern of the book is up and down, linear pattern in terms of evolution of character
(it changes a lot), but circular at the same time because he ends up going back home in
the end
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