Xenia – Hospitality – greek tradition of hospitality where guests are taken care of before discussing
matters. Zeus is patron god of xenia and it occurs in iliad when Agamemnon feasts with officers and
akhilleus feasts with friends in book 9
Nostos – homecoming – main plot of the odyssey, the homecoming of greek heroes after the Trojan
war. Mainly deals with odysseus and his 10 year journey home
Moira – destiny or fate – occurs when akhilleus is given the option of a long life but no glory and
surviving the Trojan war or a death at troy but glory in his name
Golden age – one of the 5 ages of man described in works and days where man lived among gods and its
was a time of peace and harmony in the world
Skylla – monster who odysseus had to sail past in order to make his way home. He was warned that she
would kill 6 of his men, which she did.
Kirke – a goddess who tricked odysseus’ crew and turned them into pigs. Odysseus later stayed on her
island for a year and became her lover. She told him the route back to Ithaca, albeit through a deadly
passage and into the path of skylla
Calypso – beautiful nymph who kept odysseus as prisoner at her island for 7 years until the gods force
her to let him go home back to Ithaca. Appears in the odyssey.
Eumaios – Odysseus’ friend and shepherd. The first mortal that odysseus meets at Ithaca, although he
does not recognize odysessus as he is disguised as a beggar. Odyssey
Mnemosyne – she is the titaness of memory. daughter of gaia and Uranus and had the nine muses with
zeus. Appears in theogony.
Kronos – youngest of the first generations of titans. son of gaia and Uranus. He overthrew Uranus and
in turn was overthrown by zeus and the Olympian gods, his children. Theogony.
Priam – king of troy. Father of hector and alexandros. Cares deeply for his favourite son, hector and
begs akillheus to return his body. Iliad
Alexandros – also known as paris. An archer, he is cowardly and self centered. Stole Helen from Sparta,
causing the Trojan war. Favoured by Aphrodite. Iliad
Kalhkas – seer who is on the greek side. He tells akhilleus that the reason why the mysterious plague
that is killing so many greek warriors hasn’t stopped is because agamemnon’s refusal to return khryseis.
He causes the rift between Agamemnon and akhilleus and akhilleus swears to protect him. Iliad
Khryses – father of khryseis, the woman that Agamemnon took. He pleads with him to return her, which
he refuses. Khyrses then prays to Apollo to wish the Greeks bad luck. Apollo unleashes a plague on the
Greeks. Iliad Khryseis – daughter of khryses. She was captured by Agamemnon and is very beautiful, Agamemnon
rates her higher than his own wife. After returning her, he takes briseis. Iliad
Briseis – akhilleus’ lover – Agamemnon takes her in return for returning khryseis. This causes akhilleus
to refuse to fight in the war. She becomes the main source of