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Education and Training.docx

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York University
HUMA 1220
Nicholas Elson

Education and Training | 1 From time immemorial, most of the women always wish to be a part of a society where there is no difference between religion, race, nation and especially gender when it comes to rights. Focusing on their movement in Canada, women put an effort on several dimensions in which they require equality between men and women: education and training, abortion and family planning, basic civil and political rights, equally paid work and prevention of improper treatment towards women‟s bodies, e.g. sexual harassment and violence. The central issue guiding my research paper is education and training. By covering the key concepts that have defined Canadian feminism, the movement‟s goals and challenges in a multicultural society like in Canada, I will describe how women have successfully integrated into the academic world and have progressively more participated in workplace market. During the forties, there was an ideology that insisted that women‟s destination in life was all about marriage and motherhood. Women have the task of making a home for their husbands and children. Silverman (1997) illustrates this picture as „normality‟, which means: “The vision consisted of a nurturing wife and mother providing emotional sustenance to the family, and a stable husband and father bringing home the money” (p. 173). A woman has to be a supportive character at home, docile and totally dependent in all fields on her husband. According to Silverman, the responsibility of earning a living belongs only to the man, as the head of the family. As a result, high education and paid work were excluded from the list of women‟s duties. Notwithstanding, at the late forties to the fifties, young women began to consider the possibilities of careers so that they will no longer have to be reliant on their husbands. Many women strive to be independent and strong. To them it is not enough to be just a mother or Education and Training | 2 caring and encouraging wife, but they want to have prestigious and economically rewarding positions at work. What were the limitations of women to get higher education and entry into the workforce? As has been described before, in the forties it was believed that woman has a place, at home, doing everything in her power to please her man and bearing the children. Curtis (1976) explains that: They [women] placed a high value on the time they spent with children and home. The life of a homemaker, housewife, mother, they felt, is a rich life, and one that women can uniquely benefit from. Moreover, it is one in which women have unique power to mold and raise future generations, to affect strongly the people they most love. (p. 17) According to Curtis (1976), most women were expected to choose homemaking as a career. To be as agents of good personal example, as well as a source of positive influence were the main roles in woman‟s life for the advantage of the next generations. Furthermore, throughout history, women have always been suppressed by society, especially by men. Women were considered weak, sensible, who cannot think properly. As a result, a lot of women have not even thought of working outside the home and come out of their „shells‟. However, during the age of the Enlightenment, as the Free Dictionary defines: “A philosophical movement of the 18th century that emphasized the use of reason to scrutinize previously accepted doctrines and traditions and that brought about many humanitarian reforms” (n.p.), women began to realize that they were as able to learn new skills and intelligent just as men. Hence, there is no apparent reason why should not they take part in the same activities. Education and Training | 3 Women wanted to receive an education, state their own points of view and consequently work outside the home. Obviously, men have not supported this advancement and have tried even harder to keep women suppressed just as always. Men were held in fear and disliked the idea that women might be independent of them and no longer revolving around, pleasing them in some fashion. In addition, Curtis (1976) says: In the wake of this storm, psychologists, psychiatrists, pediatricians have written with skepticis
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