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HUMA 1710 (8)
Midterm

Lecture 2 Notes and Test Questions Detailed Lecture notes and Test questions !

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Department
Humanities
Course
HUMA 1710
Professor
Carol Bigwood
Semester
Fall

Description
L2: Getting to know the time Period and Region September-20-10 10:47 PM September 20, 2010 Test Questions 1. (10 Marks) What are the problems associated with learning about the ancient past (history, literature, artifacts, ideas?) ? 2. (5 Marks) What can be done to overcome these problems? Bronze Age (from about 4000- 1200 BCE)  Metal - replaces stone and bone (Bronze is made from tin and copper)  Writing- is invented evolved from counting  Pictographs ( LOOKS like what it means)  Ideogram (i.e symbol for mouth and food = eat)  Phonograms (symbol for SOUND) Sumerians of Ancient Sumer  Mesopotamia means between rivers: irrigation requires communal effort, increased production/population.  Sumerians enter area where people likely already had writing, copper, gold and silver smelting.  Sumerian invention of wheel, brickmold, pickaxe, sailing ship, standards in weights and measures wine and beer, solar calendar, math(60 units from which we get our 60 seconds, minutes)  Construction of roads, temples, military defense  Specialization of labor and development of social classes (priests, soldiers, farmers)  Temples (ziggurats) ; votive (devotional) offerings (see sculpture to right)  Sumerian culture influences Mesopotamian culture for centuries to come.  UR is where Abraham is from Literature from Sumerian Sources  Creation stories; myths of gods and goddesses  Epic of Gilgamesh: fifth king of Urnk Spums the affections of goddess Ishtar bull of Heaven is sent to kill him and others in revenge. His best friend Enkidu kills bull but dies from wounds. Gilgamesh in s
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