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HUMA 1710 (8)

Detailed Lecture 3 Notes and Questions Detailed Lecture notes and Test questions !

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HUMA 1710
Carol Bigwood

L3: Introduction to Interpreting the Old Testament September-27-10 11:39 PM September 27, 2010 Test Questions: 1. (10 Marks) What are some differences between the two views of creation given in Genesis chapter 1-3? 2. (10 marks) Describe some similarites and differences between sumerian/ babylonian myths and the biblical story in the first chapters of Genesis. Homework: read Genesis 4-22 Hebrew Bible / Old Testament  Parts being written by ca 1000BCE?  Compiled by ca 600-400 BCE  First extant manuscript: Dead Sea Scrolls (250 BCE- 70 CE)  Book has different order/parts for Jews and for different Christian groups  Islam recognizes same God, Abraham, Moses, Jesus  Many diverse interpretations  Islam came around 600 BC after Christianity  Jews - Jesus is not a messiah, but is a prophet, still waiting for there messiah  Islam- Jesus is a prophet, Mohammed is messiah Different Genres in Bible  Primeval History: creation myth ,Noah  Cultural History: story of Jewish people: patriarchal fathers, journey to promised land, conquest, exile return  Laws: dietary regulation, priestly cult, farming  Prophetic literature  Wisdom literature  Apocalyptic literature: when will the messiah come? One Kind of Interpretation: The Literal Approach  Sacred books are the Word of God written by inspired men  Is free from error  To be followed as a spiritual guide  Events described as historically accurate: God created animals (deny evolution) : first woman were Adam and Eve: flood happened worldwide Other Interpretive Approaches: Historical and Literacy  Composed by human authors written over centuries  Has historical events, anomalies, repetitions  Has anti- human rights aspects not to be followed in modern day  Has parallels and responds to ancient literature of the Near East  Appreciation of centuries of interpretive literature helps deepen meaning  Appreciate poetic meaning, genres Mosiac Period  Leads people out of Egypt and slavery  Receives laws from God Loose Tribal Confederacy in Canaan: Period of the Judges  Joshua leads people to Canaan  Tribes gather annually; act in unison  Period ends with first king (Saul) Breakdown of Unity and fall of each Kingdom  After reign of Solomon
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