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Detailed Lecture 4 Notes and Questions Detailed Lecture notes and Test questions !

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HUMA 1710
Carol Bigwood

L4: Genesis 4-22 October-04-10 10:03 AM October 4, 2010 Test Questions: 1. (10 marks) Describe two problematic issues in each of the following stories: Cain and Abel ; and Noah's drunkenness 2. (10 marks) Describe two problematic issues in each of the following stories : the Tower of Babel; Abraham and his son Isaac. The "Old Epic" (JE tradition) 1. Primeval History Genesis 2-11 : from creation to chaos and a new beginning (Noah) 2. Ancestral History Genesis 12-50 founding fathers and mothers 3. People's History (Exodus to Joshua) oppression in Egypt to their entrance into Canaan\ Emergence of Hebrew culture/ religion  Gradual emergence of monotheistic religion from polytheistic environment  Hebrews transitioning from semi-nomadic shepherds to farmers settled in Canaan  Canaan: super power (Assyria, Egypt, Hittites) in abeyance, but Hebrews fight different local people (Philistines, Ammomtes, Moabities) Cain and Abel  Just as parents disobeyed Yahweh, now one of the boys disobey (evil impulse inherited)?  How did they find rules?  Why does God prefer Abel's pastoral gift of first of his flock over that of farmer Cain's fruit of the ground?  Am I my brother's keeper? Asks Cain  Cain builds first city and is a murderer (metal and musicians are descendents)  Gods mercy? Mark of Cain on forehead to protect him  Contradictory  Cain is the oldest son-> given preference Near East Tradition of Dispute Literature  Dispute literature: describing struggle between major areas of specialization (herding, agriculture, metallurgy)  Emesh (summer) : Enten : (winter) brings gifts to father. Enton: precious metals, fish, trees; Emesh: animals, birds, plants  Dispute over position of Farmer of the Gods. Father : declares Enten winter because he is in charge of water, Emesh bows before brother and dispute ends happily.  Typical for stories except Hebrew ends in murder Why look for historical literacy precedents/ parallels?  Cultural identity - doesn't evolve from a cultural vacuum  To help understand the ancient text in its conceptual world (then and now)  To mark out the differences of the Hebrews Puzzling Passage  Sons of God have intercourse with human maidens (Gen.6. 1-4)  Who are "sons of God"?  Children become the heroes of old, men of renown  More evil deeds requiring punishment Ancient Sumerian story parallels with Noah and Flood  God (s) decides to destroy humankind  Hero is advised to build a large boat (no rubber) and take seed of all living things  Storm subsides on the 7th day, land on mountain; make sacrifice that smells good to God  Hero sends out birds including a dove  God (s) feel bad  Offers a sacrifice which gods enjoy  Why isn't Noah helping others? Differences  Flood is clearly punishment  No other people with Noah often than wife and sons and their wives  Noah is not granted immediately  1 God only and not connected to sun, moon, etc.  A covenant is made between God and Noah  A sign of the covenant is given Covenant with Noah  Universal covenant with Noah, all humans, and all creatures: God promises never to destroy earth and return it to choas  Blesses Noah to be fertile, multiply and exercise dominion over earth  Can now eat meat if properly s
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