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Detailed Lecture 5 Notes and Questions Detailed Lecture notes and Test questions !

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York University
HUMA 1710
Carol Bigwood

L5: November-14-10 4:36 PM October 18, 2010 Test Questions: 1) Give five points describe the time period of the judges according to the lecture. 2) What are the differences in the two source accounts of accounts of Saul’s Kingship according to the lecture? “Settling” into Canaan, the promised land  When? Before Meineplah Stele (1210 BCE): “Israel is laid waste, his seed is not.”  Super powers (Assyria, Egypt, Thihles) no longer major players in region; (disruptors/migrations, destructors/ around 1250-1200 BCE  Book of Joshua (precedes judges): Successful battles? Exaggerated; little archeological support; immigration model? Avoid city states; occupy unfertile hills  From semi-nomadic to settled life  Moving into plains, fights against different local peoples such as philistines, ammonites, midianites for land Forming the Tribal Confederacy  12 tribes; tradition being formed orally  Joshua 24: assembly at scehem: famer Baal Berith (Lord of Covenant) site: ritual of Covenant renewal  Exodus, conquest followed by recitation of covenant (no mention of revelation of Sinai)  Celebration of the enthronement of Yahweh as King and Creator; March of Divine Warrior  People and stone pillar as witnesses Syncretism (fusion) Yaweh adopting traits and functions of EI  Canaaite god EI (God): father of all, creator of heaven and earth, is head of the divine council, sits as judge in his tent with shepherd boy who plays lyre; has wisdom, age and compassion, bull  Tent shrine: curtains embroidered with cherubian and cheruban throne, its proportions according to pattern of cosmic shrine  Same EI emithets occur in biblical patriarchal narratives “God of Eternity” “Highest One” Yaweh as Divine Warrior adopting traits of Baal  By 1300 BCE, Ei cult is decling in Syria, being replaced by Ei’s son Baal  Theophany of the storm god, voice is the thunder, goes out to do battle riding the cloud chariot, shaking mountains with stormy blasts of his nostrils, bring rain, striking enemy with fiery bolts  Where EI is transcendent, Baal is immanent  Canaanite Sanctuaries rededicated to Yaweh, Canaaite calander adopted, given their children Baal names Storm Altar  Altar is purified by pouring blood horns  Individuals can seek sanctuary by grasping horns  Sacrifices to Yahweh at altar in high places (similar to EI and Baal) Evidence for consorts of Yaweh  Asherah (EI’s consort): a number of extra biblical references to “Yahweh and his asherah” in elephantine, Egypt, northern and southern kingdoms  Daughter, arat (adolescent warrior and hunters): “anat of yahu” in elephantine Egypt; and Judah  Many Asherah/AStrate figurines found in ancient Israelite house and groves  In biblical prophets will battle Baalism Roles of Judges in Tribal Conferacy  A judge (“shofet”) was a ruler over tribes; a military champion; an arbitrator of disputes  Non-hereditary (thus unlike kings); Yahweh is “king”  Judge had to be charismatic and then he possessed spiritual
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