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Detailed Lecture 7 Notes and Questions notes from lecture and test question!

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HUMA 1710
Carol Bigwood

L7: Hesiod November-14-10 8:13 PM November 1, 2010 Test Questions: 1. What doubts surround the authorship of Hesiod? 2. In Hesiod's Theogony, how did Kronos gain dominance? 3. Why did Zeus punish Prometheus? Lecture five: Hesiod  Homework for next week CK Hera, Poseidon, Demeter article on Greek Anthropomorphism article on the nature of myth five monolithic theories; and myths as products of the psyche  Minoan (3300-1200BCE): fluid lines, love of nature, egalitarian, unfortified `palaces`; artisans, traders  Mycenaeans: Love of battle; hero-cults; fortified cities Greek “Dark” Age: about 1200 to 750BCE  Drastic population decline;  Loss of writing;  Abandonment of cultic activity and city centers  Migrations of peoples  Communities mostly disorganized  750BCE rediscovery of writing; new pottery  Geometric Style 900-700BCE  Geometric art: note chariots, stick figures, repetition, rhythmic design  Mourning figures (women) Awakening from “Dark” Ages  Population increase  Greek alphabet: Hesiod and Homer!  More mobility/trade  New interpretations of Mycenaean artifacts, tombs, citadels  About half Mycenaean gods and goddesses survive (Zeus, Poseidon, Dionysos, Ares, Hermes, Hera, Artemis, Apollo, Athena  Archaic sculpture  Archaic Art 630-480BCE: Kouros and Kore  Zeus emerging as dominant god Hesiod’s Works (700BCE?)  Theogony: geneology of gods  Works and Days: agricultural wisdom poetry  “Hesiod” may be a name given to a source of tradition, rather than an individual poet; an honorific title bound to poetry genre Why is his work important?  First Known Source for Greek genealogy and cosmogony  Literary value: one of the first examples; personal style; geographic specificity; poetic conventions;  Historical value: reflect contemporary religious though and practice? How much is invention? Who was Hesiod?  Humble shepherd from a little village in Boeotia? But then how did he know so much?  Personal confessional voice developed by preliterate bards?  “learned from Muses” meaning inspiration? Self-taught? Following convention? Nine Muses of the Arts (Hesiod’s invention?): Mnemosyne (Memory is mother of Muses  Inspired by Muses (becomes convention)  Literature: importance of memory Theogony: genealogy of gods  Shows influence from Babylonian and Hittite: is a Succession Myth, (Ouranos, Kronos, Zeus)  No one book of myths; (note Apollodorus)  Myths are malleable; used/modified by artists (visual and literary) throughout centuries  Literary record may not cohere with actual cultic activity (i.e. Hera, Aphrodite, Artemis minor in Homer but very popular cults) Hesiod’s Invocation of the Muses  Practice of beginning and ending with invocation of muses  They dance sing with “soft feet round the violet-dark spring”  Sing of Aegis bearing” Zeus, and a few other Olympians  Less known deities like Themis, Dione, Leto, and primeval deities Kronos, Moon, Sun, Earth, Night Prologue to Theogony Muses speak of the nature of art  Know how to lie and to si
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