Study Guides (248,426)
Canada (121,528)
York University (10,209)
Humanities (404)
HUMA 1770 (16)
Leo Stan (4)

Important ideas Chpt 12-14.docx

5 Pages
119 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Humanities
Course
HUMA 1770
Professor
Leo Stan
Semester
Fall

Description
Important ideas Chpt 12-14 *Highlighted titles are suggestions of what I think might be an essay question -Chpt12: The making of Europe -Monasticism – the lifestyle of doing physical work and private meditation and reading -Charlemagne bcame emperor of Romans in 800 CE -Vassals were introduced – a contract between a lord and subordinate where the subordinate would offer protection. -Manorial systems is when an agricultural estate has serfs or free peasants to cultivate the land belonging to the lord. High Middle Ages -An aristocracy was formed with warriors being seen as particularly important (knights) -Trade was doing well, especially for Flanders and Italy – Commercial capitalism became a thing (invest in goods to turn a profit) -Artisans created guilds for their specific trades and crafts -Common law happened by English King, Henry II (1154-1189) where law was common with the rest of the kingdom. Christianity -Dominicans (Dominic de Guzman) was an order that fought against heresy – was big during the inquisition -Franciscans (Francis of Assisi) lived poor and simple lives helping others Culture of Middle Ages -Universities and stuff – oral examination for degrees -Scholastics- Marry faith with reason – Thomas Aquinas is the most important scholastic (1225- 1274) Crusades 1095-1261 -Christians try to re-capture Jerusalem and Palestine from Muslims – Fail miserably. Chpt 13 Byzantine Empire -Justinian 527-565 -Created Justinian’s Code – Codify Roman laws into one big textbook -Crushed a revolt in 532 -After Justinian -Created a military defense system where civil offices (governers of the states) were also military leaders to fend off Persians and Slavs -Iconoclasts – People who opposed idolatry – caused tensions between Orthodox and Roman Catholic Church Trade -Constantinople became the biggest commercial center of its time with imports of silk, spices and ivory. Zenith of Byzantine Civilization (750 -1025) -Macedonians  Macedonians strengthened the rank of the farmers, they sold great amounts of silk and metals and converted the Prince of Kiev of Russia to Christianity  Leo VI (886-912) Systemized rules of regulating both trade and court officials and arranged new codification of Byzantine law  Basil II (976-1025) Defeated and annexed Bulgaria, making the Byzantine empire strongest than it ever was Fall of Byzantine empire (1025-1453) -Orthodox and Catholic Church separated in 1054. -Seljuk Turks conquered and occupied Anatolia after 1071 -Emperor Alexius asked Pope Urban II for help against Turks, starting the first crusade. 3 Crusades later, crusaders got caught up in a dispute over succession to the Byzantine throne. Crusaders sacked the city in 1204 and turned the empire into small states where crusading barons ruled -During 1347-1351, black plague happened, fucked shit up. Other parts of Europe -100 years war (1337 -1453
More Less

Related notes for HUMA 1770

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit