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Mid Term Review - including key quotes!

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York University
HUMA 1825
James Williams

Arthur Miller – The Crucible - God The twist in the story is that by telling the truth (“I am not a witch”), you die, but you also gain your freedom – that is, you retain your standing with God, and you become a martyr. Elizabeth - She considers herself impure for not showing mercy, and does not want to take away from his glory. Elizabeth has transformed from an ignorant victim of adultery, to a forgiving, loving wife. Reverend Hale - trying to show the people of Salem that he is their savior, and that he knows exactly what to do. Hale learns that the only devil in Salem is the townspeople's vengeance for their neighbors, and he is powerless against it. Reverent Parris - Parris is just worried about his reputation. He's afraid that if people think there's witchcraft in his household, he'll lose his position as minister of Salem. Parris cries – not because of all the people who he's helped to senselessly murder, but because Abigail stole his money and he's now broke. John Proctor - John is choosing to die instead of devastating someone else's life. John Proctor becomes a man who can dishonor his name in order to save another's life, but not his own. Some quotes: “You must understand, sir, that a person is either with this court or he must be counted against it, there be no road between. This is a sharp time, now, a precise time—we live no longer in the dusky afternoon when evil mixed itself with good and befuddled the world. Now, by God’s grace, the shining sun is up, and them that fear not light will surely praise it.” This statement, given by Danforth in Act III, aptly sums up the attitude of the authorities toward the witch trials. In his own right, Danforth is an honorable man, but, like everyone else in Salem, he sees the world in black and white. Everything and everyone belongs to either God or the Devil. The court and government of Massachusetts, being divinely sanctioned, necessarily belong to God. Thus, anyone who opposes the court’s activities cannot be an honest opponent. In a theocracy, one cannot have honest disagreements because God is infallible. Since the court is conducting the witch trials, anyone who questions the trials, such as Proctor or Giles Corey, is the court’s enemy. From there, the logic is simple: the court does God’s work, and so an enemy of the court must, necessarily, be a servant of the Devil. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Martin Guerre Bertrande: Witnesses also claim "she was a woman who had lived 'virtuously and honorably'" for years in the village, faithful to waiting for Martin's return. Bertrande is important as a woman to family life. She is necessary as a mother to her two children and as a wife and nurse to her disabled husband. Her unwillingness to file suit against the imposter may be because the new Martin appears to be a much better husband and father (aside from the real Martin’s son, Sanxi, Bertrande also has a daughter, Bernarde, by the imposter) than the old Martin. Disrupt social order: The imposter threatened infiltration into the Guerre family. The society of the town rose up and made efforts to back the family and protect them. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Mytilean Debate death penalty is not deterrence The debate is about justice---how Athens can keep their self-interest by preventing future revolts Cleon: He sees law as a mean to exercise power over others. Be ANGRY so it will stop others from revolting. Trying to frighten them. Cleon skillfully used his reputation to portray himself not only as a commanding and self-assured statesman but also to glorify the advantages of power. Diotus: continues to argue the ideals of equality before the law. Diodotus was able to strengthen his credibility as an honest man who was presenting his views because he believed that was the ethical thing to do. He thinks we can be smart and still be tough; sometimes the smart thing to do is to back off and negotiate. That doesn’t mean we’re cowards. It means we think first before using brute force. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- A Man Of All Seasons – Robert Bolt Sir Thomas More: is tested to the extreme as he remains true to his conscience. In the end, he is beheaded because he remains true to his conscience. More was a family man who loved his family deeply and was concerned about their well-being even when they were separated. He taught his daughter many things that most women of that day were not taught, such as Latin. He frequently sought to protect his wife by hiding information from her. More’s respect for the law is a respect for the society. If society falls apart, no individual conscience will exist anymore. Alice More: she accepts his position and even his self-imposed death because of her great love and respect for him. Cromwell’s character demonstrates the idea that if a person wants something enough and is willing to put everything else aside for that, even their conscience and God, then they will eventually achieve this goal as Cromwell did Important quotes: I believe, when statesmen forsake their own private conscience for the sake of their public duties....they lead their country by a short route to chaos. The message is that statesmen, like the rest of us, should be guided by their own private consciences, not by political expediency. I'd let him out if I could but I can't. Not without taking up residence in there myself. And he's in there already, so what'd be the point? You know the old adage? 'Better a live rat than a dead lion,' and that's about it. The Common Man is talking about Sir Thomas, who is in jail. True to form, the Common Man says that he is not going to help someone else if it endangers himself. “Isthiswisdom– tobetrayyourability, abandonpractice, forget yourstationandyourdutytoyourkinand behavelikeaprintedbook! Alice can’tunderstandwhyherhusband would throweverythingawayforthesakeofprinciples. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Antigone - God Antigone: Antigone will bury her brother because it is the will of the gods that a family gives its members a proper burial. Antigone claims obedience to a higher law. DIVINE LAW VS. CIVIL LAW. Creon: Creon had no wisdom, he was proud, and was not submissive to the gods. It is more important to follow the laws of heaven than the laws of man. Haemon: He was tragically heroic because the course of jus
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