Originate from members of the crowed who do not have votes in
Petitions for redress and grievances was not considered an essential part
of British political practice
Gives those without direct say in government the inalienable right to be
This right was considered so essential to the new nation that it was
written in the first amendment
Written alongside and just as important as freedom of speech
Some petitions concerned private or individual grievances
Grievances in the game in the game are public-affect community
Voted on and debated by congress
i) Significance to text
Important to the structure of the game
Allowed individuals of all classes the ability to participate and share
Illustrate the difference between elite cotes and non votes even though
you could stand up and say your petition doesn’t mean it will be passed
Refers to political representation
Patriots felt that Britain had imposed taxes on them without
representation ―No taxation without representation‖
Without political representation on individual or group ideas does not
have a say in political decisions
Representations are significant to course argument because although we
know children were a part of history and present for all of these
situations that we have studied, they had no political representation This view of our past has shaped our ideas the present because we
continue to make political decisions today for children and other groups
although they may not be represented
4. Petitoins are related to representation because although all people were able
to make petitions they still had no form of representation in the voting process.
Voters had their best interests are heart. Colonization/Trade
Countries, typically European taking control of other countries by force.
During this time, the world was in a constant state of war resulting in a
shift of control between European powers.
The colonization often took a toll on the people that lived in these
nations, i.e. the Acadians, (basically everyone in North America)
Colonies were controlled by the empire in power and had no
representation; therefore, had to abide by rules that were governed by the
countries that colonized them.
Colonization often caused unrest – i.e. not everyone was willing to go
with the status-quo (American Revolution)
This text outlines the colonization of North America and how it
changed the lives of the people and the political landscape
Gave European countries unimaginable power
Outlines the affects of colonization in the Caribbean and how it was the
catalyst for the slave trade
Forever changed the Caribbean countries
The exchange of goods between individuals, companies and
During this time trade was essential for a sustainable economy as well as
Trade is the process of importing and exporting, usually across
continents, having to endure large bodies of water, making trade a
Trade became the central focus of sustainability and children became a
secondary focus. The central concern of adults during the eighteenth
century was not of their children, but the importing and exporting of
goods in order to stay alive.
The slave trade directly relates to the construction of childhood
aschildren were traded as indentured servants to help their parents with
financial need. The children were sent away for up to eight years with the promise of education, but were often used as a servant to help look
after the house and their masters.
The slave trade in the Caribbean depended solely on the production of
sugar cane and there was no regard for a child’s well being as many died
in transportation and were treated as a commodity, just as the sugar
itself. Children mined the sugar fields in horrendous conditions, just as
adults would. At this time, the social construct of a child was strictly a
means to end and this was determined by the need for trade.
Trade is related to colonization because the European colonized areas
that assisted with trade, either by providing access to a trade route or
providing resources or commodities to be traded.
Trade is related to colonization, as it is the basis for the production of
commodities, which stimulate the economy and were essential to
power during this time.
The colonies in North America and the Caribbean combined with the
African slave trade caused a triangular trade, brining money directly
to Europe so they can further colonize, resulting in a vicious circle. Patriots/Autonomy
Patriots are a group of individuals who wanted separation from Britain
and were unhappy with taxation without representation.
Patriots wanted to free themselves of British rule as it had no direct
correlation to the conditions which they were living in, some were born
in America and had no direct contact with the British Empire, making it
difficult to pay taxes to a country that was thousands of miles away.
Patriots were discontent over present social situations and future
prospects (Offutt). They included wealthy southern planters, affluent
merchants and well-off lawyers; as well as landless laborers and slaves.
Patriots believed they were entitled to the fruits of their own labour. All
people participated in the patriot movement, including women who
stopped buying British goods and raised their children of Patriot beliefs.
Children of all ages went to battle (My brother Sam is Dead & Mintz:
Sons and Daughters of Liberty). Also, slaves who protested their right to
fight for the right to freedom.
i) The texts about Patriots are discussed in Offutt because they gave
insight into the roles that would be played out during the game. It is
important to have a background on the beliefs of different people
during this time as a greater insight makes for a better turnout. They
were setting up the historical moment as Patriots shaped the course of
history. Patriots were also discussed in Mintz, Sons and Daughters of
Liberty because they talk about children going to battle and children
participating in various ways (Look at SADOL). And also my brother
sam is dead.
Autonomy equals freedom. Patriots were fighting for autonomy from
Britain. John Locke influenced ideas of autonomy, as he believed all
men are created free and equal. Heavily refer to John Locke. The
government is set up to protect the freedom of the people and their
autonomy. Autonomy is a social construct, although you may believe
you are free, you must still abide by rules and regulations put in force
by government. 3.
Autonomy relates to the course because children were not free, nor
are they free today. They do not have the ability to make their own
choices or decide their own fate. Even elite children were not free.
The patriarchal family structure and children used as laborers.
Autonomy is connected to the patriots because that is precisely what
they were fighting for Patriots wanted to have autonomy from Britain
and the right to create a democratic government that represented their
interests and protected their autonomy.
At every turn, the lack of political autonomy—their inability—their
inability to control their own political economy through their own
legislatures was preventing achievement of economic independence. Rebellion/Monarchy
1. Rebellion: Pg 14 in Offutt WRITE OUT
Rebellion is the act of straying away from societal norm and or
government because you believe the laws in place should not apply to
you or are wrong. Political rebellion happens when an individual or
group does not approve of the government regulations in place.
Rebellion can also transpire in the family structure. Instances such as
child rebellion toward parental authority, families choosing the way of a
patriot or family members disagreeing and following their own beliefs,