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Mid term Exam Review – FALL 2013 HUMA1970B.docx

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HUMA 1970
Jeffrey Canton

Mid term Exam Review – FALL 2013 HUMA1970B Petitions/Representations 1. Petitions - originate from members of the crowd who do not have votes in congress - petitions for redress and grievances was not considered an essential part of British political practice - give those who without direct say in government the inalienable right to be heard - this right was considered so essential to the new nation that it was written in the first amendment - written alongside and just as important as freedom of speech - some petitions concerned private or individual grievances - grievances in the game are public affect community - voted on and debated in congress i) Significance to text - important to the structure of the game - allowed individuals of all classes the ability to participate and share concerns - illustrate the difference between elite votes and non votes even though you could stand up and say your petition doesn’t mean it will be passed 2. Representations - refers to political representation - patriots felt that Britain had imposed taxes on them without representation “no taxation without representation” - without political representation on individual or group ideas does not have say in political decisions - representations are significant to the course argument because although we know children were a part of history and present for all of these situation that have been studied, they had no political representation - this view of our past has shaped our ideas to the present because we continue to make political decisions today for our children and other groups although they may not be represented 3. Petitions are related to representation because although all people were able to make petitions they still had no form of representation in the voting process, voters had their best interests at heart. Colonization/Trade 1. Colonization - countries, typically Europeans were taking control of other countries by force - during this time the world was in a constant state of war resulting in a shift of control between European powers - the colonization often took a toll on the people that lived in these nations, like the Acadians and almost everyone in north America - colonies were controlled by the empire in power and had no representation; therefore had to abide by rules that were governed by the countries that colonized them - colonization often caused unrest, not everyone was willing to go with the status quo (American rev) i) Baldwin: the exchange of good between individuals, companies and governments ii) Rogozinski: outlines the effects of colonization in the Caribbean and how it was the catalyst for the slave trade, changed Caribbean countries forever 2. Trade - the exchange of goods between individuals, companies and governments - during this time trade was essential for a sustainable economy as well as survival - trade is the process of importing and exporting, usually across continents, havin
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